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Spreading gangrene beginning in a mucous membrane; considered to be a malignant form of infection by fusospirochetal organisms. Also known as gangrenous stomatitis.



a disease whose clinical picture resembles that of progressive moist gangrene.

Noma usually develops in undernourished persons during or after an infectious disease, for example, measles, dysentry, typhus, malaria, or leishmaniasis. Its occurrence is particularly common during large-scale disasters, such as wars and crop failures. Children between the ages of two and six are the most susceptible.

Noma usually affects the facial tissues and the mucous membranes of the mouth; sometimes other areas are affected, including the genitalia and the rectum. The cause of the disease has not been conclusively determined, although it is known that no malignant neoplasm is involved. Noma is treated with antibiotics, antigangrene serum, and blood transfusions, in conjunction with a balanced diet that includes multiple vitamins.

References in periodicals archive ?
Noma left public service to form the Noma Firm and focused on immigration, criminal and litigation issues.
When he first wrote The Nordic Kitchen, it was at a time where, he explains, having launched Noma and Nordic Cuisine, he "wanted to translate all the culinary ideas and bring them into a home cooking context".
Claudio was part of the team that made Noma World's No.
Ngaphezu kwaloko, akukho kuhlukaniswa okuyokwenziwa ngenxa yezombangazwe, isimo sokwenganyelwa kwezwe noma imingcele yezwe umuntu ahlala kulo, noma ngabe uzimelegeqe, ubanjelwe, ozibuse noma uphansi kolawulo olunqunyelwe.
In the absence of treatment, noma leads to death in 70-90 per cent of cases.
Rene Redzepi's food is white-wine friendly, says Elofsson, the coffee-and chocolate-like notes of Bordeaux wines don't work at noma Elofsson likes wines from Bordeaux, but he refuses to have wines on his list that don't work with the food.
Noma was also criticised for not disinfecting its kitchen quickly enough to prevent the virus from spreading.
I'm only regretful that we didn't have enough time," Hachiro said, offering an apology that the DPJ could not help Noma win the race.
When Noma opened seven years ago, Nordic gastronomy was an oxymoron.
Behind the scenes, however, NOMA was preparing for the storm that had already prompted mandatory evacuations in some places on the Gulf Coast and would lead New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin to announce a citywide, voluntary evacuation that evening.
NOMA was preparing a recovery strategy and plan to find solutions to help northwestern Ontario's devastated forest communities.
The latest studies,led by Professor Fred Wu,found that tibolone and NOMA suppressed pituitary gonadotrophins -the hormones that stimulate the production of sperm.