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Spreading gangrene beginning in a mucous membrane; considered to be a malignant form of infection by fusospirochetal organisms. Also known as gangrenous stomatitis.



a disease whose clinical picture resembles that of progressive moist gangrene.

Noma usually develops in undernourished persons during or after an infectious disease, for example, measles, dysentry, typhus, malaria, or leishmaniasis. Its occurrence is particularly common during large-scale disasters, such as wars and crop failures. Children between the ages of two and six are the most susceptible.

Noma usually affects the facial tissues and the mucous membranes of the mouth; sometimes other areas are affected, including the genitalia and the rectum. The cause of the disease has not been conclusively determined, although it is known that no malignant neoplasm is involved. Noma is treated with antibiotics, antigangrene serum, and blood transfusions, in conjunction with a balanced diet that includes multiple vitamins.

References in periodicals archive ?
David Rees, defending, said Noma was "a young lad with potentially a bright future," having completed his A-levels at Barrs Hill School in Coventry where he had a 100 per cent attendance record.
The NoMa Parks Foundation invites community members and park enthusiasts to the second NoMa Parks Community Conversation to discuss plans for NoMa Parks and public spaces.
The location was selected for its synergy to Noma in Copenhagen, which is also on the water and strongly connected to the sea.
Akekho oyohlukunyezwa noma aphathwe ngobulwane ajeziswe ngokwehliswa isithunzi.
The disease was common in Europe and North America until the beginning of the 20th century where, for a long time, it was suspected that noma was related to poverty, malnutrition and pre-existent childhood diseases.
At Noma You Get Wine with Clump" is the title of Elofsson's new book about the wine program at noma The clumps are actually clusters of malo bacteria that form after digesting unfermented sugars.
Noma acknowledged that internal procedures had not been good enough and that an e-mail from an employee reporting his sickness had not been seen in time.
I'm only regretful that we didn't have enough time," Hachiro said, offering an apology that the DPJ could not help Noma win the race.
Eight canaps demolished and we were asked whether Rene Redzepi, chef at Noma, Copenhagen we had the appetite for the seven, or 12-course menu.
At Noma, you might eat a pot of raw radishes in a malt and hazelnut soil.
In a clear sign that culinary achievement is no longer limited to 'old Europe', Copenhagen's Noma, already shining with two Michelin stars, was recently named 'the world's best restaurant' by acclaimed British magazine Restaurant.
For the source of the local culinary revolution, and a taste of the kitchen that helped place Copenhagen so firmly on the foodie's map, head to Noma, a cavernous beamed restaurant--converted from a 16th-century warehouse--that overlooks Copenhagen's photogenic harbor.