nomad

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nomad

(nō`măd'), one of a group of people without fixed habitation, especially pastoralists. (Some authorities prefer the terms "nonsedentary" or "migratory" rather than "nomadic" to describe mobile hunter-gatherers.) Wandering herders living in tents still occupy sections of Asia, and the hunting groups of the Far North, including the Eskimo, still predominate in much of the arctic and subarctic regions; parts of Africa and Australia are also peopled with nomadic groups. Although nomadism has been a way of life for many groups, it is on the decline. Besides the herders and the hunters and fishers, there are nomadic groups that move about in search of seasonal wild plants as food (such as the camass bulb formerly sought by the Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest and the wild rice gathered in the Great Lakes region). Peoples who move seasonally but have permanent homes for part of the year are said to be seminomadic; there have been seminomadic peoples of various types throughout history. The term semisedentary is applied to traditional populations who practice slash-and-burn agriculture in tropical forest clearings and are forced to move their villages periodically due to the soil exhaustion. Nomadic groups are generally organized in tribal units, and usually the adult males are closely knit into war bands in order to establish territorial rights over the area within which a group migrates. The incursions of nomads into settled civilizations marked the early history of ancient Egypt and Babylonia and reached their height with the great Mongol invasions of W Asia and Europe in the 13th, 14th, and early 15th cent., notably under Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
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 and TimurTimur
or Tamerlane
, c.1336–1405, Mongol conqueror, b. Kesh, near Samarkand. He is also called Timur Leng [Timur the lame]. He was the son of a tribal leader, and he claimed (apparently for the first time in 1370) to be a descendant of Jenghiz Khan.
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. Formerly efforts were made to generalize about nomads and find a common denominator among such diverse cultures as those of the North American Plains tribes, the BedouinBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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 of Arabia, and the RomaniRomani
or Romany
, people known historically in English as Gypsies and their language.

1 A traditionally nomadic people with particular folkways and a unique language, found on every continent; they are sometimes also called Roma, from the name of a major
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 (Gypsies), but these have largely been abandoned in favor of studying each culture as a unit. Even the idea that nomadism represents a transition from the Neolithic hunter to the sedentary farmer is not accepted as valid. There are instances of peoples who have abandoned farming and have become nomads, e.g., those Native Americans of the Great Plains who forsook their farms to hunt bison, after the horse had been introduced.

NOMAD

[′nō‚mad]

nomad

a member of a people or tribe who move from place to place to find pasture and food

NOMAD

(language, database)
A database language.

Version: NOMAD2 from Must Software International.

["NOMAD Reference Manual", Form 1004, National CSS Inc, Dec 1976].

NOMAD

A relational DBMS for IBM mainframes, PCs and VAXes from Select Business Solutions, Trumbull, CT (www.selectbs.com). Introduced in the mid-1970s, it was one of the first database systems to provide a non-procedural language for data manipulation. NOMAD can also access data on Oracle, Sybase, DB2 and other databases. Former corporate owners of NOMAD include Thomson Software and the Gores Technology Group.
References in periodicals archive ?
Actually her interest had grown years before when the local people had told her of an enigmatic nomadic people who appeared in Jajarkot about once every twelve years.
00pm) Bruce Parry treks into Borneo's Jungle of Sarawak to meet the Penan, a nomadic people of hunter-gatherers whose home is being cut down around them.
Studies of ancient sites show that nomadic people in the Near East started to settle down even before they began planting crops and domesticating animals.
She says that studies of ancient sites show that nomadic people in the Near East became increasingly sedentary--harvesting abundant wild plants and animals--even before they domesticated crops and livestock.
Vitebsky is a British anthropologist who lived with the nomadic people of Siberia, the Eveny, and he explores their culture and the world of the reindeer in a beautifully written story about a part of the world few people have visited.
The money is used to complete unfinished clinics and extend medical services in Kenya where drought and crop failures threaten the lives of thousands of nomadic people.
It evolved, in part, from the needs of a nomadic people in the sparsely populated desert, that made one vulnerable to attack by others.
The nomadic people who moved across the landscape of this area were constantly adapting their diet as well as their subsistence strategies in order to cope with the changing climate.
Another work in progress involves the Penan tribe, a nomadic people ravaged by development.
Many farmers and nomadic people have lost their livelihood in a country where at least 80% of the population relies on agriculture.
The friars, educated men who had taken vows of poverty and loyalty to the faith, trekked into what was then a desert to bring the first touch of European civilization to a largely nomadic people.
The performance during the opening included 14 acts, each demonstrated history of nomadic people from appearance of the civilization of nomads and up to now.