nomad

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nomad

(nō`măd'), one of a group of people without fixed habitation, especially pastoralists. (Some authorities prefer the terms "nonsedentary" or "migratory" rather than "nomadic" to describe mobile hunter-gatherers.) Wandering herders living in tents still occupy sections of Asia, and the hunting groups of the Far North, including the Eskimo, still predominate in much of the arctic and subarctic regions; parts of Africa and Australia are also peopled with nomadic groups. Although nomadism has been a way of life for many groups, it is on the decline. Besides the herders and the hunters and fishers, there are nomadic groups that move about in search of seasonal wild plants as food (such as the camass bulb formerly sought by the Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest and the wild rice gathered in the Great Lakes region). Peoples who move seasonally but have permanent homes for part of the year are said to be seminomadic; there have been seminomadic peoples of various types throughout history. The term semisedentary is applied to traditional populations who practice slash-and-burn agriculture in tropical forest clearings and are forced to move their villages periodically due to the soil exhaustion. Nomadic groups are generally organized in tribal units, and usually the adult males are closely knit into war bands in order to establish territorial rights over the area within which a group migrates. The incursions of nomads into settled civilizations marked the early history of ancient Egypt and Babylonia and reached their height with the great Mongol invasions of W Asia and Europe in the 13th, 14th, and early 15th cent., notably under Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
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 and TimurTimur
or Tamerlane
, c.1336–1405, Mongol conqueror, b. Kesh, near Samarkand. He is also called Timur Leng [Timur the lame]. He was the son of a tribal leader, and he claimed (apparently for the first time in 1370) to be a descendant of Jenghiz Khan.
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. Formerly efforts were made to generalize about nomads and find a common denominator among such diverse cultures as those of the North American Plains tribes, the BedouinBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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 of Arabia, and the RomaniRomani
or Romany
, people known historically in English as Gypsies and their language.

1 A traditionally nomadic people with particular folkways and a unique language, found on every continent; they are sometimes also called Roma, from the name of a major
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 (Gypsies), but these have largely been abandoned in favor of studying each culture as a unit. Even the idea that nomadism represents a transition from the Neolithic hunter to the sedentary farmer is not accepted as valid. There are instances of peoples who have abandoned farming and have become nomads, e.g., those Native Americans of the Great Plains who forsook their farms to hunt bison, after the horse had been introduced.

NOMAD

[′nō‚mad]

nomad

a member of a people or tribe who move from place to place to find pasture and food

NOMAD

(language, database)
A database language.

Version: NOMAD2 from Must Software International.

["NOMAD Reference Manual", Form 1004, National CSS Inc, Dec 1976].

NOMAD

A relational DBMS for IBM mainframes, PCs and VAXes from Select Business Solutions, Trumbull, CT (www.selectbs.com). Introduced in the mid-1970s, it was one of the first database systems to provide a non-procedural language for data manipulation. NOMAD can also access data on Oracle, Sybase, DB2 and other databases. Former corporate owners of NOMAD include Thomson Software and the Gores Technology Group.
References in periodicals archive ?
After the break, though, Nomads were landed a blow when, on 51 minutes, Edwards put through his own net in a crowded penalty area to hand the home side the advantage at the VSM Stadium.
Jean-Philippe Tissot, Nomad Digital Chief Commercial Officer, said Nomad is very happy to be partnering with BB Postbus in delivering what is a very important high-quality WiFi service for their passengers.
Although the greatest perceived benefit is "flexible hours," 65 percent of professionals think they'd clock more hours as a digital nomad
The First world Nomad Games start on September 9 at Kyrgyzstan's Issyk-Kul.
Nomads were much improved on recent performances and created some fine chances, but were unable to take advantage and had a strong penalty shout turned down when O'Toole was felled in the area.
Nomads were awarded a free-kick 30 yards from goal, but this time his audacious effort went the wrong side of the post.
The loose story that follows El Cid's humdrum existence is consistently interrupted with weird inserts that have fellow nomads explaining in poems what draws them to this way of tile.
The season is coming to a climax and Swerve have a chance of overtaking Nomads in the last week when the two teams face each other.
In addition, guests will learn about the life and traditions of the nomads, try their traditional cuisine at the festival Dastorhon, watch the final horse races (At-chabysh), and join the musical culture of nomadic peoples in the folklore festival Nomad folk.
An official Nomads statement read: "Following intensive, behind the scenes liaison involving the FAW, the club management team, the Gap Connah's Quay Nomads committee, senior players and gap personnel, gap Connah's Quay Nomads have decided to cancel their appeal against the one-point penalty issued by the FAW, for the alleged fielding of an ineligible player.
But former club chairman and secretary Bobby Hunter has registered a new club - FC Nomads - which will play in Clwyd League division two, using a council pitch at Wepre Park in Connah's Quay, starting next month.
McKenna wasn't particularly relishing this trip to the Deeside Stadium despite his side having sunk Nomads 3-1 in League combat a fortnight earlier and his forebodings proved well founded.