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Nome(nōm), city (1990 pop. 3,500), W Alaska, on the southern side of Seward Peninsula, on Norton Sound; founded c.1898, when gold was discovered on the beach there. It is the commercial, government, and supply center for NW Alaska, with an airport. Major economic mainstays are mining, tourism, fishing, and government. The city is also a center of Eskimo handicrafts. Nome was a gold rush town from 1899 to 1903; it attracted some 20,000 prospectors, but many died or left because of the hardships. Dredging, which replaced older methods of mining, ceased in 1962, but was renewed in the 1980s. The city is the scene of an annual Midnight Sun Festival and is the terminus of the annual IditarodIditarod
, abandoned town in SW Alaska, site of a 1908 gold rush, on the Iditarod River. The town site and river lie on the Iditarod National Historic Trail, 2,350 mi (3,781 km) long, a gold-seekers' route from Seward to Nome (see National Parks and Monuments, table), and
..... Click the link for more information. dogsled race. Cape Nome lies to the southeast.
an administrative district (sepat in Egyptian) in ancient Egypt. Each nome had a political and religious center, an army, its own symbolic representation (an emblem), and patron gods. The administrative apparatus of the nome was under the authority of the nomarch. The number of nomes and the size of the nomes were not fixed. In the lists of nomes in the temples of the pharaohs Snefru and Neuserre, from the Fourth and Fifth dynasties of the Old Kingdom (28th to 23rd centuries B.C.), 37 nomes are listed, 22 in Upper Egypt and 15 in Lower Egypt. The 42 deities presiding at the court of Osiris, mentioned in the 125th chapter of the Book of the Dead (the ancient Egyptian anthology of incantations and hymns), corresponded to the 42 nomes of the New Kingdom (c. 1580 B.C. to c. 1070 B.C.). The official number of 42 (or sometimes 44) nomes in the records of Greco-Roman Egypt did not reflect the actual administrative division of the country into new administrative units, the urban districts.
REFERENCESStuchevskii, I. A. “O nekotorykh osobennostiakh struktury khoziaistva nomov v Egipte epokhi Srednego tsarstva.” Kratkie soobshcheniia in-ta narodov Azii, issue 46: Drevnii Vostok Moscow, 1962. Pages 179–87.
Montet, P. Géographic de I’Egypt ancienne, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1957–61.
a city in western Alaska in the USA, on the Seward Peninsula. Population, 2,500 (1970). A port on Norton Bay, Nome has an airport and is the commercial and distribution center of the region. Fish are caught and processed, and handicrafts are practiced. Now a center for tourism, Nome was founded at the end of the 19th century at the start of the gold rush.