This, the seventh update, includes sections on new ideas and discoveries, dinosaurs and birds, systematics, and extinctions, as well as the complete reference section by current genus name with information on synonyms and nomina dubia
atrox and considered as nomina dubia
the proposed subspecies bebbi and alaskensis.
bicarinata or nomina dubia
, assigned to poorly preserved specimens that cannot be identified at species level.
The total number of described names incorporates synonyms, nomina dubia
, nomina nuda, and incorrectly assigned material.
In a review of most of these ichnospecies, Buckman (1995) regarded several as nomina dubia
We have now reassessed the situation during preparation of the chapter on Cecidomyiidae for the forthcoming Manual of Afrotropical Diptera and have decided that most of these genera and species named by Kieffer, which have remained unrecognised for almost a century, are unlikely to be recognised with any degree of certainty now or in the future and are best treated as nomina dubia
It will be added to the already extensive list of 29 nomina dubia
in Avicularia (Platnick 2008).
There are 29 Avicularia species described in the 19th century that have never been studied after their description, and all are presently considered nomina dubia
leleupi Cooreman 1977 from Ecuador were each based on juveniles and were therefore considered nomina dubia
by Platnick & Shadab (1981) and Platnick & Paz (1979), respectively.
Nicolet's entire collection was lost amongst the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, collection and all have long been treated as nomina dubia
The whip spider genus Phrynus Lamarck 1801 currently contains 28 living and two fossil species, with a further 4 species currently listed as nomina dubia
(Quintero 1981; Armas & Gonzalez 2001; Armas & Viquez 2001; Harvey 2002, 2003; Armas & Gadar 2004; Poinar & Brown 2004; Teruel & Armas 2005) and most are distributed from the southern USA to northern South America (Weygoldt 2000; Harvey 2003).
bicuspidatus are both nomina dubia