Nominative Construction

Nominative Construction

 

a model of a sentence, which is common to many languages, including the Indo-European, Uralic, and Turkic.

The characteristic morphological correlates (interrelated units) of a nominative construction are the nominative case of the subject, the subject conjugation of the predicate verb, and the accusative case of the direct object. The construction is organized by all verbs regardless of their transitivity or intransitivity. However, only transitive verbs can distinguish two variants of the construction: active and passive (for example, “the workers are building the factory” and “the factory is being built by the workers”).

References in periodicals archive ?
The nominative construction known both in Finnish and Estonian (Kastike tuli suolainen 'The sauce became salty') is an exception to the complex system of case variation in BECOME-constructions.
The third BECOME-construction type in our study is the nominative construction, in which the verb in Finnish is again tulla (Kastike tuli 5uolainen 'The sauce became salty'); in Estonian both tulla and saada are acceptable, but due to some semantic restrictions they are not always interchangeable.
9) the nominative construction is a more direct loan from the Germanic languages, and Estonian has adopted this loan construction more fully.
In Estonian the nominative construction can also be used, but in Modern Finnish the nominative contruction is not available; grammars describe it as 'archaic'.
If the patient of a transitive verb that also has an agent shows specific marking, then it is the same as what is called object or accusative in a nominative construction.
Without going into details, let me observe that the crucial aspect of the predicate nominative constructions in (3a, b) resides in profiling the identity relation between an instance (of the relevant subtype) which functions as the trajector (cf.
And for more on the predicate nominative constructions see Langacker (1991: 64-71).