discrimination

(redirected from Non-discriminatory)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to Non-discriminatory: discriminated, indiscriminateness

discrimination

Electronics the selection of a signal having a particular frequency, amplitude, phase, etc., effected by the elimination of other signals by means of a discriminator

discrimination

the process by which a member, or members, of a socially defined group is, or are, treated differently (especially unfairly) because of his/her/their membership of that group. To be selected for less favourable treatment, a social group may be constructed by reference to such features as race, ethnicity, gender or religion. A distinction can be drawn between ‘categorical’ and 'S tatistical’ discrimination. Categorical discrimination is the unfavourable treatment of all persons socially assigned to a particular social category because the discriminator believes that this discrimination is required by his social group. Statistical discrimination refers to less favourable treatment of individuals based on the belief that there is a probability that their membership of a social group leads to them possessing less desirable characteristics.

In the UK, there are laws that deal with both sex and race discrimination: the Sex Discrimination Act (1975) and the Race Relations Act (1976). In both Acts, ‘direct’ discrimination is made illegal, in that a person may not be treated less favourably than another on the grounds of gender, colour, ethnicity or race. However, the Race Relations Act also attempts to tackle ‘indirect’ discrimination. This was defined as consisting of treatment which may be described as equal in a formal sense, as between different racial groups, but discriminatory in its effect upon a particular racial group. Indirect discrimination is the application of conditions or requirements which may mean that:' (1) the proportion of persons of a racial group who can comply with these is considerably smaller than the proportion of persons not of that racial group who can comply with them; (2) they are to the detriment of the persons who cannot comply with them; (3) they are not justifiable irrespective of the colour, race, nationality or ethnic or national origins of the person to whom they are applied’ (A Guide to the Race Relations Act 1976 Home Office, 1977). See also POSITIVE DISCRIMINATION, RACE RELATIONS, SEGREGATION, GHETTO, PREJUDICE, SEX DISCRIMINATION.

Discrimination

 

(1) The limitation or deprivation of the rights of certain categories of citizens on the basis of such criteria as race, national origin, and sex. In bourgeois countries racial discrimination is especially widespread—the limitation of rights and persecution of persons for reasons of their racial origin. It is openly practiced in the USA against Indians, Negroes, and Chinese. In the Republic of South Africa the discrimination against East Indians and other non-Boer and non-European populations practiced by the English and Afrikaaners (Boers) has reached large proportions. Widely practiced in capitalist states are such forms of discrimination as lower pay for the labor of women and young people and the limitation of rights on the basis of political and religious convictions.

(2) Discrimination in international relations is the establishment of lesser rights for the representatives, organizations, or citizens of one country than for those of another. The practice of discrimination usually brings about reciprocal measures in the form of retortion on the part of the government against whom it is directed. The USSR and other socialist countries vigorously oppose all forms of discrimination in international relations.

discrimination

[di‚skrim·ə′nā·shən]
(communications)
In frequency-modulated systems, the detection or demodulation of the imposed variations in the frequency of the carriers.
In a tuned circuit, the degree of rejection of unwanted signals.
Of any system or transducer, the difference between the losses at specified frequencies with the system or transducer terminated in specified impedances.
(computer science)

discrimination

discriminationclick for a larger image
The minimum angular distance at which two objects on a radar screen can be seen separately. In the figure, the discrimination capability of the radar is 2°.
References in periodicals archive ?
The case was eventually dismissed as the court determined Aguilar did not meet her burden of overcoming the city's non-discriminatory reasons for not hiring her for the interim or permanent positions.
He also emphasized the need for the adoption of "a comprehensive and non-discriminatory approach" toward the issue.
A spokesperson for the Department for Transport said they were "committed to ensuring that all security measures are used in a way which is legal, proportionate and non-discriminatory."
"However, for the internet to continue to serve as a powerful force for innovation, it is imperative that it remain open on a non-discriminatory basis to all lawful content, information, applications, and equipment." The bill has been referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.
The commission did suggest however that West Midlands Police start collecting data on the ethnicity of people subjected to vehicle stops and monitor the results so the force could demonstrate that its enforcement activities were non-discriminatory.
Home Office Minister Hazel Blears said the use of stop and search powers by police had to be 'intelligence-led' and carried out in a 'non-discriminatory way'
A 2001 report by the California Research Bureau found that, "Owners increasingly want PLAs in order to meet their speed-to-market demands and to ensure against delays that can be caused by worker shortages, worker stoppages, or collective bargaining negotiations." PLAs contain provisions that establish uniform work schedules, work rules, and pay structures; dispute resolution procedures; "no strike," "no lockout," and "no picketing" agreements; and non-discriminatory hiring practices, which all parties are bound to for the length of the PLA.
The group adds that such obligations should be organised "in a transparent and non-discriminatory manner", using "market-based mechanisms." In any event, Eurelectric calls for a light touch by regulators: "Open and competitive electricity markets are able to deliver the best results in terms of quality, reliability and price of services, including services of general interest, experience has shown." Its report assesses a range of possible public service obligations.
Both the project and this publication seek to promote social acceptance of freedom of sexual orientation as a women's right and to encourage equitable, non-discriminatory treatment in society and particularly in the context of the recent constitutional reform.
It's just that we want it to be non-discriminatory" (Nat.
By ruling that the plaintiff didn't need to present direct evidence of discrimination, the Court opened the door for plaintiffs to recover for discrimination, even if companies have a non-discriminatory reason for actions against employees.
"We do placements with the utmost concern for public safety, balanced with the constitutional protection that any citizens--parolees included--have to non-discriminatory placement," Fairchild said.

Full browser ?