discrimination

(redirected from Non-discriminatory)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to Non-discriminatory: discriminated, indiscriminateness

discrimination

Electronics the selection of a signal having a particular frequency, amplitude, phase, etc., effected by the elimination of other signals by means of a discriminator

discrimination

the process by which a member, or members, of a socially defined group is, or are, treated differently (especially unfairly) because of his/her/their membership of that group. To be selected for less favourable treatment, a social group may be constructed by reference to such features as race, ethnicity, gender or religion. A distinction can be drawn between ‘categorical’ and 'S tatistical’ discrimination. Categorical discrimination is the unfavourable treatment of all persons socially assigned to a particular social category because the discriminator believes that this discrimination is required by his social group. Statistical discrimination refers to less favourable treatment of individuals based on the belief that there is a probability that their membership of a social group leads to them possessing less desirable characteristics.

In the UK, there are laws that deal with both sex and race discrimination: the Sex Discrimination Act (1975) and the Race Relations Act (1976). In both Acts, ‘direct’ discrimination is made illegal, in that a person may not be treated less favourably than another on the grounds of gender, colour, ethnicity or race. However, the Race Relations Act also attempts to tackle ‘indirect’ discrimination. This was defined as consisting of treatment which may be described as equal in a formal sense, as between different racial groups, but discriminatory in its effect upon a particular racial group. Indirect discrimination is the application of conditions or requirements which may mean that:' (1) the proportion of persons of a racial group who can comply with these is considerably smaller than the proportion of persons not of that racial group who can comply with them; (2) they are to the detriment of the persons who cannot comply with them; (3) they are not justifiable irrespective of the colour, race, nationality or ethnic or national origins of the person to whom they are applied’ (A Guide to the Race Relations Act 1976 Home Office, 1977). See also POSITIVE DISCRIMINATION, RACE RELATIONS, SEGREGATION, GHETTO, PREJUDICE, SEX DISCRIMINATION.

Discrimination

 

(1) The limitation or deprivation of the rights of certain categories of citizens on the basis of such criteria as race, national origin, and sex. In bourgeois countries racial discrimination is especially widespread—the limitation of rights and persecution of persons for reasons of their racial origin. It is openly practiced in the USA against Indians, Negroes, and Chinese. In the Republic of South Africa the discrimination against East Indians and other non-Boer and non-European populations practiced by the English and Afrikaaners (Boers) has reached large proportions. Widely practiced in capitalist states are such forms of discrimination as lower pay for the labor of women and young people and the limitation of rights on the basis of political and religious convictions.

(2) Discrimination in international relations is the establishment of lesser rights for the representatives, organizations, or citizens of one country than for those of another. The practice of discrimination usually brings about reciprocal measures in the form of retortion on the part of the government against whom it is directed. The USSR and other socialist countries vigorously oppose all forms of discrimination in international relations.

discrimination

[di‚skrim·ə′nā·shən]
(communications)
In frequency-modulated systems, the detection or demodulation of the imposed variations in the frequency of the carriers.
In a tuned circuit, the degree of rejection of unwanted signals.
Of any system or transducer, the difference between the losses at specified frequencies with the system or transducer terminated in specified impedances.
(computer science)

discrimination

discriminationclick for a larger image
The minimum angular distance at which two objects on a radar screen can be seen separately. In the figure, the discrimination capability of the radar is 2°.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 2 also reports the relationship of male and female actual wages to their estimated non-discriminatory level from the different models.
Singh said that it was a roadmap for achieving nuclear disarmament in a time-bound, universal, non-discriminatory, phased and verifiable manner.
Because of today's FCC action, consumers across the country now have a promise that they can access wireless service whenever and wherever they travel, at just, reasonable and non-discriminatory rates.
He said that if India wants non-discriminatory access to Pakistani market, the current duties have to be brought down to 0-5%.
The guidelines favour a simple, transparent and non-discriminatory licensing procedure.
He added, "If Pakistan grants non-discriminatory access to India, India will provide a reciprocal market access to Pakistan at a 0-5% duty rate, similar to what is being given to Bangladesh.
EU Competition Commissioner Neelie Kroes said that "the Swedish measures were well-designed and needed little alteration to take full account of the state aid rules' requirements that such schemes are non-discriminatory and minimise potential distortions of competition.
The industry is aware of our patent portfolio and our commitment to license our check validation interoperability patent based on a policy of 'reasonable and non-discriminatory terms to customers similarly situated'.
ISLAMABAD, August 11, 2009 (Balochistan Times): Pakistan has pledged to the goals of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and intends to promote this objective in an equitable and non-discriminatory manner.
Without calling into question the general social objective of the measures, the European Commission wonders whether they are indeed non-discriminatory and how much consumers would really benefit from the advantages granted to insurers.
IBM's claims also reflect a reversal of its long-standing practice of licensing its intellectual property on reasonable and non-discriminatory terms - a policy that it trumpeted on its web site until last year.
By WASHINGTON, April 13, 2010 (Frontier Star): Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani Has urged the adoption of non-discriminatory criteria for access to civil nuclear technology, to enable Pakistan to meet its growing requirement for energy.