nonjurors

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nonjurors

[Lat.,=not swearing], those English and Scottish clergymen who refused to break their oath of allegiance to James II and take the oath to William III after the Glorious RevolutionGlorious Revolution,
in English history, the events of 1688–89 that resulted in the deposition of James II and the accession of William III and Mary II to the English throne. It is also called the Bloodless Revolution.
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 of 1688. They upheld the principles of hereditary succession and the divine right of kings, and their refusal to recognize William as king led to their removal from office. In England, the original nonjurors included William SancroftSancroft, William
, 1617–93, English prelate, archbishop of Canterbury. His opposition to Calvinist doctrine caused him to remain abroad during the latter part of the Commonwealth.
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, archbishop of Canterbury, some bishops, and about 400 other members of the clergy; their ranks were later augmented by those who refused (1714) to take the oath of allegiance to George I. In Scotland, most of the Episcopal clergy became nonjurors when their church was disestablished (1690) in favor of Presbyterianism. Many nonjurors were active in the rising of the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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 in 1715, despite their doctrine of nonresistance to established authority. Later their numbers dwindled, however, and their attention turned to theology. Their high standard of thought was notable and influential in its day. The Bangorian ControversyBangorian Controversy
, religious dispute in the Church of England during the early part of the reign of George I. Benjamin Hoadly, bishop of Bangor, Wales, delivered a sermon (1717) before the king in which he denied that the church had any doctrinal or disciplinary authority.
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, in which nonjuror William LawLaw, William,
1686–1761, English clergyman, noted for his controversial, devotional, and mystical writings. One of the nonjurors, Law was deprived of his fellowship in Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and lost all chances for advancement in the church.
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 was prominent, precipitated the prorogation of the convocation of the Church of England in 1717. The exiled Stuart pretenders continued to appoint nonjuring bishops, including Jeremy CollierCollier, Jeremy,
1650–1726, English clergyman. Collier was imprisoned as one of the nonjurors, who refused to pledge allegiance to William III and Mary II. He later was outlawed (1696) for absolving on the scaffold two of those involved in the assassination plot against
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, preserving the nonjuring episcopal succession until 1805.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jonathan Clark's painstaking essay on Johnson as a non-juror sifts the evidence (necessarily largely negative) that Johnson did not take the oaths of allegiance and abjuration, but has to play down explicit evidence that poverty drove him prematurely out of Oxford, in order to promote the view that Johnson was avoiding the oaths.
The fact that individual non-jurors had been studied instead of real juries was in his view acceptable in light of other studies showing that individual non-juror preferences are a "fair predictor" of how a person will act in a jury and in light of long-standing opposition by the courts to research involving actual juries.
Of course, the Bangorian controversy produced a more sustained (and more substantial) print media blitz in which all sorts and conditions weighed in: Whigs and Tories, partisans of both high and low church, Latitudinarians and the fiercely orthodox, Dissenters and Non-jurors and even Huguenots and a sometime French Catholic.
Evidence that Watson had entertained non-jurors during the period of the plot and his refusal to vote for the attainder of the Jacobite conspirator Sir John Fenwick confirmed suspicions of his unreliability.
There is at least one odd omission among these historical notes, which is the schism of the Non-jurors after the accession of William and Mary.
That led to difficulties, personal and political, between the principal scholarly figures of the age, some of them non-jurors.
There is a theological spectrum here that stretches from non-jurors to freethinkers, but it is not refracted toward the High end.
The last of the purges came with the accession of George I in 1714 when ten fellows non-jurors finally faced expulsion from St.
1) Of these high church clergymen one of the most prominent and influential was the Revd William Jones, best known as the perpetual curate of Nayland in Suffolk, who is perceptively described in the Dictionary of National Biography as representing |the school, more numerous than is commonly supposed, which formed the link between the non-jurors and the later Oxford school'.

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