Nonaligned Movement


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Nonaligned Movement,

organized movement of nations that attempted to form a third world force through a policy of nonalignment with the United States and Soviet Union. Yugoslavia, India, Indonesia, Egypt, and Ghana were instrumental in founding (1961) the movement, which grew out of the Bandung ConferenceBandung Conference,
meeting of representatives of 29 African and Asian nations, held at Bandung, Indonesia, in 1955. The aim—to promote economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism—was more or less achieved in an atmosphere of cordiality.
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 (1955). Its members, mainly developing nations from Asia, Africa, and Latin America that embrace more than half the world's people, include true neutrals and many nations that were in fact aligned with one of the superpowers during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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. In light of the cold war's end, it reassessed its role and has redefined itself as a forum for its member nations to develop policies and positions that they can seek to implement at the United Nations and other international forums. The 120 member nations meet regularly to discuss their common interests. See also Third WorldThird World,
the technologically less advanced, or developing, nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America, generally characterized as poor, having economies distorted by their dependence on the export of primary products to the developed countries in return for finished products.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rybakov emphasized the importance of the promotion of the objectives and principles of the Nonaligned Movement on the European continent.
Nonetheless, the Nonaligned Movement continues to both seduce and baffle Indians.
After all, there are 120 Nonaligned Movement member states in the UN General Assembly, and UN chiefs have regularly attended Nonaligned Movement summits.
Cuba hosted the 14th summit of the Nonaligned Movement (NAM) in 2006, and holds the Secretary Generalship of the NAM until its next summit in 2009.
After the National Liberation Front ousted the French in 1962, and after more than a century of colonial rule, Algeria became the darling of the nonaligned movement in the 1960s and 1970s until political corruption and economic mismanagement triggered a descent into violence in the 1980s.
In the early 1950s, shortly after India's emergence as an independent state, its role as the leader of the nonaligned movement vitiated the prospect of close relations with the United States.
During a visit to Indonesia last month, South Korean Defense Minister Yoon Kwang Ung urged Indonesia to support the peaceful settlement of the North Korean nuclear issue through the six-party talks, noting that Jakarta maintains friendly relations with Pyongyang as a leading member of the Nonaligned Movement, and has diplomatic relations with the two Koreas.
It did not remain so for long in the case of South West Africa, where the involvement and concern of the international community, particularly the nonaligned movement, eventually did exercise influence.
Concerned that a few countries were poised to divide up Antarctica among themselves, the member nations of the NonAligned Movement began agitating for United Nations stewardship of the Antarctic.
The Israeli government is going through a war of aggression against our people,'' he told foreign ministers from Third World nations attending a conference of the nonaligned movement in New Delhi, India.
As Marxist prime ministers and leaders of the nonaligned movement, both found themselves subverted from abroad: Jagan by British troops and Kennedy-sponsored unrest ("I think a great injustice was done to Cheddi Jagan," Kennedy adviser Arthur Schlesinger Jr.
Wittner concentrates in the next part of the book on the nonaligned movement against the Bomb that was to develop over the years 1945-1951.