Nonaligned Movement

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Nonaligned Movement,

organized movement of nations that attempted to form a third world force through a policy of nonalignment with the United States and Soviet Union. Yugoslavia, India, Indonesia, Egypt, and Ghana were instrumental in founding (1961) the movement, which grew out of the Bandung ConferenceBandung Conference,
meeting of representatives of 29 African and Asian nations, held at Bandung, Indonesia, in 1955. The aim—to promote economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism—was more or less achieved in an atmosphere of cordiality.
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 (1955). Its members, mainly developing nations from Asia, Africa, and Latin America that embrace more than half the world's people, include true neutrals and many nations that were in fact aligned with one of the superpowers during the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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. In light of the cold war's end, it reassessed its role and has redefined itself as a forum for its member nations to develop policies and positions that they can seek to implement at the United Nations and other international forums. The 120 member nations meet regularly to discuss their common interests. See also Third WorldThird World,
the technologically less advanced, or developing, nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America, generally characterized as poor, having economies distorted by their dependence on the export of primary products to the developed countries in return for finished products.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Piling onto the bandwagon of people making strong and controversial statements at the Nonaligned Movement's summit in Teheran, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei said that his country never has and never will pursue nuclear weapons, and that the use of nuclear weapons is "a big and unforgiveable sin."
Speaking at a summit of the 120-member Nonaligned Movement, Khamenei said the gathering in Tehran shows that Western sanctions have not resulted in Iran's diplomat isolation.
In a statement following the meeting, Counselor Amro Rushdi, Spokesman of the Egyptian Foreign Ministry, said that during the meeting the Egyptian official presented his country's vision towards the situations in the Arab region, particularly in Syria and Libya, Egypt's efforts to encourage dialogue between Sudan and South Sudan to overcome the remaining issues of difference between them, the derailing situation of the peace process between Palestinians and Israelis in addition to enhancing cooperation and coordiantion between Egypt and Colombia within their membership in the nonaligned movement.
To that end, the Nonaligned Movement of 118 developing nations has submitted to the conference a detailed "plan of action" for moving toward global nuclear disarmament by 2030.
Cuba hosted the 14th summit of the Nonaligned Movement (NAM) in 2006, and holds the Secretary Generalship of the NAM until its next summit in 2009.
After the National Liberation Front ousted the French in 1962, and after more than a century of colonial rule, Algeria became the darling of the nonaligned movement in the 1960s and 1970s until political corruption and economic mismanagement triggered a descent into violence in the 1980s.
Case studies of relations between the US and Indonesia, South Vietnam, and China are then presented, followed by papers on the establishment of Asia's Bandung Conference, which eventually let to the establishment of the Nonaligned Movement; US policy towards Africa; and US reaction to the Bolivian Revolution of the 1950s.
In the early 1950s, shortly after India's emergence as an independent state, its role as the leader of the nonaligned movement vitiated the prospect of close relations with the United States.
During a visit to Indonesia last month, South Korean Defense Minister Yoon Kwang Ung urged Indonesia to support the peaceful settlement of the North Korean nuclear issue through the six-party talks, noting that Jakarta maintains friendly relations with Pyongyang as a leading member of the Nonaligned Movement, and has diplomatic relations with the two Koreas.
It did not remain so for long in the case of South West Africa, where the involvement and concern of the international community, particularly the nonaligned movement, eventually did exercise influence.