Aliens

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Aliens

 

persons located on the territory of one state but holding citizenship in another—that is, persons who are not citizens of their country of domicile.

The status of aliens in their country of domicile is regulated by domestic state legislation and by international agreements. Aliens may be accorded national status (equal rights with the local citizens), most-favored status (equal rights for all aliens without discrimination against citizens of a particular country), or a special status (specific, precisely established rights). Rights are granted to aliens, as a rule, on the basis of reciprocity.

In the USSR, aliens enjoy a number of political rights and civil liberties, including freedom of speech, press, and conscience; inviolability of person or dwelling; and privacy of correspondence. Aliens do not have the right to vote and are not subject to compulsory military service. Aliens who are persecuted for defending the interests of the toiling masses, for scholarly activity, or for engaging in a national liberation struggle are granted asylum.

In the sphere of civil and legal rights aliens in the USSR are accorded national status. They can acquire the same civil rights as Soviet citizens (to buy and dispose of property, to inherit property, to conclude contracts, to claim authorship of inventions) and the right to appeal to courts and notary institutions. Aliens may marry Soviet citizens or other aliens; they may adopt children or be adopted; guardianship may be established over them, and they themselves may be guardians. Except for persons who enjoy immunity from jurisdiction (diplomatic and consular representatives as well as certain other persons), aliens are subject to criminal responsibility for any crimes they commit on the territory of the USSR.

Aliens who are permanent residents of the USSR enjoy health care equal to that of Soviet citizens. There are certain legal limitations on the rights of aliens—for example, on moving within certain regions and on choosing certain occupations (ship’s captain, for one).

The USSR has concluded a number of specific agreements on the legal status of aliens—for example, treaties on the rendering of legal aid in civil, family, and criminal cases; citizenship; social insurance; and entering the country without a visa.

The USSR has a system of permissions for aliens with regard to entering and leaving the country: entry and exit are permitted when their passports have special visas; entry or exit without a visa is possible only when there is a specific agreement between the USSR and the state in question. There are simplified regulations for certain categories of aliens—for example, no special permission is required for the crews of foreign merchant ships when they are in port.

I. K. GORODETSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
In practice, this provision means that a person being interviewed for a nonimmigrant visa, such as a student (F-1) visa, must persuade the consular officer that he or she does not intend to remain permanently in the United States.
Jandorf, a second-tour officer and the nonimmigrant visa line chief, chimed in: "Go see that mouse
system depends upon--the admission of refugees on temporary, nonimmigrant visas because the law neither acknowledges the refugee's intent to seek asylum nor facilitates that process openly.
Under this program, the US Embassy in Riyadh and its consulates in Jeddah and Dhahran requested applicants for tourist, student and other nonimmigrant visas to use the new online visa application, Form DS-160.
Cuban applicants who are approved for a nonimmigrant visa should be prepared to wait a minimum of a few months after the initial interview for the visa to be issued.
Specifically, a provision entitled the "Rural and Urban Health Care Act of 2001" was introduced in both chambers (S 1259/ HR 2705) that would have allowed 195,000 foreign-born nurses to obtain H-1C nonimmigrant visas to work for healthcare institutions in the United States.
In the past, commuter students usually entered the country on tourist visas, also known as nonimmigrant visas, or with border-crossing cards.
Approximately 100 of them were charged with minor crimes, and another approximately 500 were held in custody on immigration violations such as overstaying temporary nonimmigrant visas.
1 million nonimmigrant visas, yet the government has little idea whether the non-immigrants left when their visas expired.
Most of those on the to-be-questioned list are young Middle Eastern men who are in this country on nonimmigrant visas.
Embassy in Tokyo said Monday that applicants for nonimmigrant visas may expect delays in the processing of their applications as a result of the Sept.
And a disruption in processing nonimmigrant visas by the US Interests Section in Havana underlined the ongoing tensions over immigration agreements.