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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



persons located on the territory of one state but holding citizenship in another—that is, persons who are not citizens of their country of domicile.

The status of aliens in their country of domicile is regulated by domestic state legislation and by international agreements. Aliens may be accorded national status (equal rights with the local citizens), most-favored status (equal rights for all aliens without discrimination against citizens of a particular country), or a special status (specific, precisely established rights). Rights are granted to aliens, as a rule, on the basis of reciprocity.

In the USSR, aliens enjoy a number of political rights and civil liberties, including freedom of speech, press, and conscience; inviolability of person or dwelling; and privacy of correspondence. Aliens do not have the right to vote and are not subject to compulsory military service. Aliens who are persecuted for defending the interests of the toiling masses, for scholarly activity, or for engaging in a national liberation struggle are granted asylum.

In the sphere of civil and legal rights aliens in the USSR are accorded national status. They can acquire the same civil rights as Soviet citizens (to buy and dispose of property, to inherit property, to conclude contracts, to claim authorship of inventions) and the right to appeal to courts and notary institutions. Aliens may marry Soviet citizens or other aliens; they may adopt children or be adopted; guardianship may be established over them, and they themselves may be guardians. Except for persons who enjoy immunity from jurisdiction (diplomatic and consular representatives as well as certain other persons), aliens are subject to criminal responsibility for any crimes they commit on the territory of the USSR.

Aliens who are permanent residents of the USSR enjoy health care equal to that of Soviet citizens. There are certain legal limitations on the rights of aliens—for example, on moving within certain regions and on choosing certain occupations (ship’s captain, for one).

The USSR has concluded a number of specific agreements on the legal status of aliens—for example, treaties on the rendering of legal aid in civil, family, and criminal cases; citizenship; social insurance; and entering the country without a visa.

The USSR has a system of permissions for aliens with regard to entering and leaving the country: entry and exit are permitted when their passports have special visas; entry or exit without a visa is possible only when there is a specific agreement between the USSR and the state in question. There are simplified regulations for certain categories of aliens—for example, no special permission is required for the crews of foreign merchant ships when they are in port.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The issuance/reciprocity fee is different from the application fees as this will be charged in addition to the nonimmigrant visa application fee.
In a move that's just taken effect after approval of the revised application forms, the department says it has updated its immigrant and nonimmigrant visa forms to request the additional information, including 'social media identifiers,' from almost all U.S.
"Given the scope of the historic INA 243(d) sanctions, and the scale of nonimmigrant visa travel to the United States as a whole, the economic impact of INA 243(d) visa sanctions to date has been de minimis, but far broader sanctions could be imposed to achieve the objectives of INA 243(d)," the Federal Register says, adding that "because future application of these sanctions is based on unpredictable actions by foreign governments; complex assessments by DHS that cannot be pre-determined; and strategic foreign policy-related decisions by the Secretary of State, taking into account the circumstances of the bilateral relationship at the particular time, the Department is unable to estimate any particular future economic impact of INA 243(d) sanctions."
For instance, nonimmigrant visa applications to the U.S.
3: Countries, namely the Philippines, Dominican Republic (H-2B only) and Ethiopia, which were removed from the list of eligible countries for nonimmigrant visas
Deep in the fine print of the long order, Trump says that "case-by-case waivers" to the total ban "may be appropriate, subject to limitations." It says such a waiver may be granted to a foreign national seeking entry to the United States "to visit or reside with a close family member (e.g., a spouse, child or parent) who is a United States citizen, lawful permanent resident or alien lawfully admitted on a valid nonimmigrant visa, and the denial of entry would cause the foreign national undue hardship."
Contents Introduction Overview on Visa Issuances Immigrant Visas Nonimmigrant Visas Key Provisions [section]221(g) Disqualification [section]214(b) Presumption [section]212(a) Exclusion Consular Screening Procedures Exclusion Trends National Security and Public Safety Reviews Visa Revocation DHS Visa Security Program Congressional Activity Competing Concerns Figures Figure 1.
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Entry on Nonimmigrant Visas Issued for Nonasylum Purposes i.
During the three-and-a-half-day conference the Speidels attended immigration law seminars on Employment-Based Immigration, Labor Certification, Worksite Enforcement, Nonimmigrant Visas, Removal and Deportation, Family-Based Immigration and Consular Processing.
nonimmigrant visas granted to islanders, AP reported.
It will offer a full range of services, including nonimmigrant visas for travel to the United States and services to American citizens who reside in Libya.