This project, approved for a duration of five years (2018-2022) seeks to assist Member States combat nonpoint source
pollution, a major problem in both developed and developing countries.
emissions are largely exempt from permitting under the CWA.
Agriculture, though, has been exempted from many of the regulations and permit requirements, mostly due to the concept of nonpoint source
Through case studies of acid rain, nonpoint source
water pollution, toxic releases, and industrial recycling, he analyzes policy tools and outcomes, focusing on failure mechanisms or regulatory slippage and policy mismatches, and offers recommendations based on science and altered incentives.
Pollution: The Nation's Largest Water Quality Problem.
The IG report acknowledges that the challenge of achieving nutrient reductions in the Mississippi-Atchafalaya Basin is complicated by the size of the Mississippi River watershed, which is the third-largest in the world; lack of Clean Water Act authority over nonpoint source
pollution arising from agricultural activities; and competing environmental priorities.
and Ditches Along Logging Roads as Nonpoint Source
Others, rooted in the Act, seek to incentivize regulated point sources to invest in less costly nonpoint source
pollution control through economic drivers.
2) Nonpoint source
pollution on the other hand does not fall under the discharge permitting system.
Unlike pollution that comes from specific industrial factories, sewage treatment plants and other easily discernible 'points', nonpoint source
pollution comes from many diffuse sources, but in the aggregate creates a formidable challenge for municipal, state and federal environmental and water control authorities.
Under wet conditions, nonpoint source
loads increase and residence times decrease, which flush the nontidal and tidal river segments and cause bacterial concentrations to spike in the bay.
In examining the future challenges Congress faces in setting the direction of the Clean Water Act for the next generation, Novak called on Congress to authorize control for nonpoint source