irritable bowel syndrome

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irritable bowel syndrome

(IBS), condition characterized by constipation, diarrhea, or alternating constipation and diarrhea in the absence of any disease process. It is usually accompanied by abdominal pain, especially in the lower left quadrant, bloating, and flatulence. Other symptoms, such as heartburn, lower back pain, and agitation, may be present concurrently. The cause of irritable bowel syndrome is unknown. There is no test for the disorder, though tests may be done to rule out other conditions that have similar symptoms; on examination there are no physical abnormalities. The symptoms result from a disturbance of the normal peristaltic movements of the lower intestine. IBS is the most common gastrointestinal complaint in the United States. It affects twice as many women as it does men. In some individuals it is made worse by emotional stress, spicy foods, or excessive caffeine consumption. Symptoms can be minimized by a high-fiber diet and other dietary changes and antispasmodic drugs. Acupuncture is helpful in many cases.
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irritable bowel syndrome

[‚ir·id·ə·bəl ′bau̇l ‚sin‚drōm]
(medicine)
A gastrointestinal disorder of unknown cause that is characterized by increased intestinal motility, causing recurrent abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea that may alternate, and sensation of gaseousness and bloating.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
pylori eradication therapy in patients with nonulcer dyspepsia [22].
Nonulcer dyspepsia is defined by upper abdominal symptoms (nausea, bloating, and abdominal pain) in the absence of an ulcer.
However, in the United States, the National Institutes of Health does not recommend eradication therapy for persons who have nonulcer dyspepsia or are asymptomatic, according to a 1994 consensus statement.
pylori eradication with a proton pump inhibitor and a course of antibiotics is recommended only for patients with ulcers, but eradication therapy could be more cost effective than the use of antacids for nonulcer dyspepsia patients because the H.
In patients who have nonulcer dyspepsia (NUD), does the treatment of H.
* Treatment of nonulcer dyspepsia is difficult; the best options include acid suppression and antidepressants.
He said to consider antibiotic therapy only when patients with nonulcer dyspepsia also have one of the following attributes:
Untreated Helicobacter pylon infection increases the risk of gastric cancer even in patients with nonulcer dyspepsia, reported Dr.
Nonulcer dyspepsia is the most common subtype, and controversy exists regarding the role of H pylori in this subtype.
The symptoms of nonulcer dyspepsia do not abate with treatment of a concurrent Helicobacter pylori infection, reported Dr.
Nonulcer dyspepsia: current concepts and management.
RESULTS * The endoscopic diagnoses were: nonulcer dyspepsia, 48%; active ulcer disease, 32%; gastric or duodenal erosions, 16%; and gastric polyps, 4%.