It builds on his earlier written works and documents case studies where nonviolent action
has been applied, presents the lessons learned from those applications, and contains information for planning nonviolent struggle to make it more effective.
As if by way of answering her own question, at the conclusion of the essay, Peterson stated, "When having students practice what they have learned about nonviolent action
, it may be prudent to engage students only in legal [emphasis added] acts of nonviolence because teachers are responsible for the educational welfare of their students" (p.
Sometimes called nonviolent resistance, unarmed struggle, or nonviolent action
, this form of conflict is now a mainstay in the international system.
The practices are understandable and practical: nonviolent action
, independent initiatives, conflict resolution, acknowledging responsibility, human rights, sustainable economic justice, international networks, United Nations, reducing weapons, and joining groups.
Martin Luther King conceived an ingenious plan: fill the Birmingham jails by arranging a series of public protests at which participants would be arrested as a result of their nonviolent action
, paralyzing the city and drawing national and world attention to the horrors and injustices of segregation.
Later activists and researchers who explored ideas and developed strategies associated with peacemaking through nonviolent action
include Leo Tolstoy in Russia, Mahatma Gandhi in India, and Martin Luther King Jr.
King spoke on his use of nonviolent action
in the American Civil Rights Movement, and she sang spirituals that were warmly received.
Al-Mahdi, called during the past months for a nonviolent action
to bring political change in Sudan.
Direct nonviolent action
is also more effective in inspiring change than demonstrations alone, which may have little long-term impact on the average person.
He concludes with a description of the changes nonviolent action
produces in target groups and in nonviolent actors themselves.
Although nonviolent resistance has a long history in Palestine, this is the first time the entire Palestinian community has mobilized in a massive nonviolent action
since the Palestinian general strike of 1936.
By challenging segregated transportation through nonviolent action
, these African American and white activists set in motion a process that ultimately dismantled segregation.