North Holland

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North Holland,

Dutch Noordholland (nōrt'hô`länt), province (1994 pop. 2,457,300), c.1,080 sq mi (2,800 sq km), NW Netherlands, a peninsula between the North Sea in the west and the Markermeer and IJsselmeer in the east. The province includes several of the West Frisian islands. HaarlemHaarlem
, city (1994 pop. 150,213), capital of North Holland prov., W Netherlands, on the Spaarne River, near the North Sea. Although an industrial center with shipyards, machinery plants, and textile mills, Haarlem is chiefly noted as the center of a famous flower-growing
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 is the capital; other cities include AmsterdamAmsterdam
, city (1994 pop. 724,096), constitutional capital and largest city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, North Holland prov., W Netherlands, on the IJ, an inlet of the Markermeer.
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, HilversumHilversum
, city (1994 pop. 84,213), North Holland prov., central Netherlands. It is the center of Dutch radio and television broadcasting; the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision is there.
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, IJmuidenIJmuiden
, city (1991 est. pop. 58,000), North Holland prov., W Netherlands, on the North Sea. It is part of the municipality of Velsen. The city is a seaport, fishing, and industrial center at the end of the North Sea Canal.
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, Den HelderDen Helder
, city (1994 pop. 61,024), North Holland prov., NW Netherlands, on the North Sea. It is the main base of the Netherlands's navy.
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, and ZaandamZaandam
, municipality (1991 est. pop. 130,000), North Holland prov., W Netherlands, near Amsterdam. Manufactures include food products, chemicals, lumber, and machinery.
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. North Holland largely comprises low-lying fenland. It is drained by numerous small rivers and canals and is protected by dikes. There are many picturesque drawbridges, windmills, and tulip fields. Manufacturing is central to the province's economy. Agriculture, cattle raising, flower growing, cheese production, fishing, and foreign trade are also important sources of revenue. For the history of the province, see HollandHolland,
former county of the Holy Roman Empire and, from 1579 to 1795, chief member of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. Its name is popularly applied to the entire Netherlands. Holland has been divided since 1840 into two provinces, North Holland and South Holland.
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North Holland

 

a province in the Netherlands. Area, 2,700 sq km, including the West Frisian, Texel, Vlieland, and Terschelling islands. Population, 2.2 million (1970). Administrative center, Haarlem.

North Holland accounts for 20.3 percent of national production (1967). The North Sea Canal zone and the region to the south of it are highly developed industrially. Machine building, heavy metallurgy, food processing, chemicals, woodworking, and textiles are particularly significant. Amsterdam occupies a special place in the economy of the province; its other important industrial centers are Haarlem, Velsen, Ijmeuiden, and Beverwijk. The northern part of North Holland is primarily agricultural, providing 12.5 percent of the national output. Dairy farming, hog raising, intensive cultivation, gardening, and flower raising (around Haarlem, Aalsmeer, and Lisse) are all important. Butter, cheese, and flower bulbs are exported. Eels are trapped in the bay of the Sea of Ijsselmeer. There is fishing. The province has a thick network of canals.

G. I. IASHCHENKO

North Holland

a province of the NW Netherlands, on the peninsula between the North Sea and IJsselmeer: includes the West Frisian Island of Texel. Capital: Haarlem. Pop.: 2 573 000 (2003 est.). Area: 2663 sq. km (1029 sq. miles)