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the realm of interaction between nature and society, within whose boundaries human intellectual activity becomes the primary, decisive factor in development. (Among the other terms with the same meaning are “technosphere,” “anthroposphere,” and “sociosphere.”)

In the early 20th century, P. Teilhard de Chardin and E. Le Roy introduced the concept of the noosphere as an ideal, “thinking” membrane that envelopes the earth and that takes shape with the rise and development of human consciousness. V. I. Vernadskii gave the term a materialist content when he described the noosphere as the biosphere’s new, highest stage, which is associated with the rise and development of mankind. By learning the laws of nature and making technological progress, man becomes a very powerful force, comparable to geological factors, and begins to exert a decisive influence on processes occurring in the part of the earth that is subject to him and, subsequently, in near-terrestrial space. Thus, earth and space are profoundly altered by man’s labor. The development of mankind as a new force transforming nature was manifested in the rise of new forms of exchange of matter and energy between society and nature and in man’s increasing biogeochemical and other influences on the biosphere.

Since its origin on the planet, the noosphere has shown a tendency toward constant expansion. Thus, it has become a special structural element of the cosmos, distinguished by its social envelopment of nature. The concept of the noosphere emphasizes the necessity for intelligent organization of the interaction between society and nature (that is, organization that meets the requirements of developing mankind). This is the opposite of an uncontrolled, rapacious attitude to this interaction, which leads to the deterioration of the environment.

Insofar as the character of society’s attitude toward nature is determined not only by the level of science and technology but also by the social system, the conscious formation of the noosphere is organically related to the rise of the communist socioeconomic formation, which creates the conditions necessary for turning the knowledge and experience accumulated by mankind into a material force that rationally transforms the natural environment.


Teilhard de Chardin, P. Fenomen cheloveka. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from French.)
Vernadskii, V. I. Khimicheskoe stroenie biosfery Zemli i ee okruzheniia. Moscow, 1965.
Priroda i obshchestvo (collection of articles). Moscow, 1968.
Nauchno-tekhnicheskaia revoliutsiia, obshchestvo. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
The scholars credited the term noosphere to the French theologian Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, who, in 1925, envisioned that one day the world would evolve into a circling realm of the mind or "thinking circuit.
In an attempt to rediscover the noosphere (Teilhard's name for incandescent thought), O'Leary simulates a full-scale lunar landing: beyond providing the poet with an opportunity to use expressions like "Ecclesiastical moondew" and "Metallic moon-roots," the outlandish exploration invites uncommon insights:
The rapidly coalescing, technologically interconnected global noosphere (pronounced "new-oh-sphere," a term coined in 1922 by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin to mean "sphere of human thought") of trade and communication has some properties of an emerging consciousness.
as well as the social utopias of the Internet--from Teilhard de Chardin's noosphere, Whitehead's process philosophy, and Lovelock's Gaia theory, to the exegesis of Cobb and Pesce--are reflected in religious interpretation patterns as well as in the knowledge-guiding paradigms in religious studies or theology media research" (pp.
But wait, humans have also constructed for ourselves a prosthetic world, a "smartworld," a noosphere (Vernadsky, 1945) composed of houses and roads and wires and libraries and DaVinci's Mona Lisa.
For more than a century geologists and others have been coming up with names for this new epoch of human impacts: Anthropozoic, Psychozotic, Noosphere.
The challenges are, of course, how to situate translation in that emergent noosphere and where to place it in the future reconfiguration of language, culture, and society in the digital sphere.
Vladimir Vernadsky's tripartite categorization of geosphere, biosphere, and noosphere reveals startling connections and dependencies between the "inert" mineral world, "dynamic" organic world, and "sublime" intellectual world; Lewis Mumford integrates the city into our notion of "ecosystem"; Rachel Carson looks at the impact of human industry on "pristine nature," Gissen at the integration of abjected nature into architecture, Morton at inter-connectedness without transcendental (e.
I Row-Boat" imagines a near future in which consciousness--animal, vegetable, mineral, and mechanical--has ascended to post-terrestrial constellations of data, though uploading here requires both the downloading of intelligence to non-human entities (so that they too can attain transcendence) and the supplementation of the discarnate noosphere by downtime in non-sentient meat hosts.
This could, of course, change tomorrow, but in the meantime, we can at least talk to our robots and the countless Als haunting the global noosphere.
draws on philosopher Teilhard's prescient pre-Internet conceptof the noosphere for the web of collective thoughts andknowledge.
The noosphere has been described as "the total pattern of thinking organisms (i.