Nordenskjöld Land

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nordenskjöld Land

 

a peninsula in the central part of West Spitsbergen between Bellsund and Van Mijenfjorden on the south and Isfjorden on the north. Area, about 3,500 sq km; maximum elevation, 1,215 m.

About 10 percent of Nordenskjöld Land is covered by glaciers; the remainder is rock outcroppings, taluses, and moraines. The mountain tundras provide natural pasture for wild reindeer and for musk oxen brought from North America. Coal is mined by Soviet and Norwegian enterprises. The populated points are Longyearbyen and Barentsburg. The peninsula was named in honor of N. A. E. Nordenskjöld.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.