Norfolk Island

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Norfolk Island

(nôr`fək), island (2005 est. pop. 1,800), 13 sq mi (34 sq km), South Pacific, a territory of Australia, c.1,035 mi (1,670 km) NE of Sydney. Its capital is KingstonKingston,
village, capital of the Australian territory of Norfolk Island, located on the island's S coast, on Emily Bay. Kingston is the administrative and historic center of Norfolk Island; its commercial center is nearby Burnt Pine. Tourism is the mainstay of the local economy.
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. Now a resort, Norfolk has luxuriant vegetation and is known for its "pine" trees, which are not true pines but evergreens of the araucaria family (see monkey-puzzle treemonkey-puzzle tree,
evergreen tree (Araucaria araucana) native to Chile and widely cultivated elsewhere as an ornamental. The symmetrical branches have an unusual angularity and are completely covered by the stiff, overlapping leaves.
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).

Explored in 1774 by Capt. James CookCook, James,
1728–79, English explorer and navigator. The son of a Yorkshire agricultural laborer, he had little formal education. After an apprenticeship to a firm of shipowners at Whitby, he joined (1755) the royal navy and surveyed the St.
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, the then-uninhabited island (there had been an earlier Polynesian settlement) was claimed by Great Britain in the hope that the trees would provide masts for the navy. When the wood proved unsatisfactory, Norfolk was made into a prison island (1788–1855). In 1856 the prisoners were removed and some of the descendants of the Bounty mutineers were moved to Norfolk from Pitcairn IslandPitcairn Island,
volcanic island (2005 est. pop. 45), 2.5 sq mi (6.5 sq km), South Pacific, SE of Tuamotu Archipelago. Adamstown is the capital and only settlement. The first British Pacific Islands possession (1838), the island is officially administered by a governor (the
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. There are also Australians, New Zealanders, and Polynesians living on the island. Most of the people belong to the Anglican, Roman Catholic, or other Christian churches. English is the official language, but Norfolk, a mixture of 18th cent. English and ancient Tahitian, is also spoken. Many of the old prison colony buildings have been restored and contribute to the island's main industry, tourism. Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm seeds and avocados are exported. There are natural gas deposits south of the island.

Norfolk Island was annexed to Tasmania in 1844, became a dependency of New South Wales in 1896, and was transferred to the Commonwealth of Australia in 1913. The island was governed under the Norfolk Island Act of 1979, which granted limited self-rule to the territory, established a legislative assembly, and gave the island federal- and state-level powers. Financial problems led to Australian legislation in 2015 ending the island's autonomy and reducing it to local administrative status in 2016, treating the territory administratively as part of New South Wales.

Bibliography

See study by M. Hoare (1971).

Norfolk Island

an island in the S Pacific, between New Caledonia and N New Zealand: an Australian external territory; discovered by Captain Cook in 1774; a penal settlement in early years. Pop.: 2601 (2001). Area: 36 sq. km (14 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
To the west of it, there were Polynesian outliers in Melanesia and a village site on Norfolk Island (Anderson & White 2001).
These show that the Chathams and Kermadecs were settled directly from New Zealand, while Norfolk Island was settled from New Zealand via the Kermadecs.
Prehistoric dates for Sandy Bay are virtually the same as those for the earliest known sites in the Kermadecs (Higham & Johnson 1996) and Norfolk Island (Anderson & White 2001).
This announcement moves us one step closer to realizing our stated aim, to be licensed for Internet gaming in the Norfolk Islands, where gaming falls under the jurisdiction and control of the Australian Federal Government, and thereby provides all the appropriate security and safety for our gaming customers," Mr.
Under that agreement Optus would provide AMC with satellite access to Norfolk Island for AMC Internet traffic connected to the Optus Network Applications Center, as well as telephone and other telecommunications services.
Services that can be made available to Norfolk Island under the agreement include connection to existing Optus GSM mobile phone system, video conferencing and point to point high speed data circuits.
BOWLS: Scot Celia Smith is sixth in her section at the World Champion of Champions singles event in Christchurch, New Zealand following victories over Ester Sanchez from Norfolk Islands and Cecile Langevin from the USA.
He beat Zambia's Alex Kayesa 25-12 yesterday then saw main rival John Price crash 25- 19 to Keith Turton from the Norfolk Islands.
Julie Forrest must wait until Monday to challenge world champ Carmen Anderson, of the Norfolk Islands, in the singles.
The singles title went to Carmen Anderson from the Norfolk Islands.

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