Joseph Norman Lockyer

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Lockyer, Joseph Norman


Born May 17, 1836, in Rugby; died Aug. 16, 1920, in Salcombe Regis, Devonshire. British astrophysicist. Director of the observatory in South Kensington from 1885 to 1913.

Lockyer studied the solar spectrum, sunspots, and the sun’s chromosphere, prominences, and corona. In the spectrum of the chromosphere and the prominences (for the study of which Lockyer proposed a new method independently of the French astronomer P. J. Janssen) he detected in 1868 the line of a hypothetical element—helium—discovered on the earth only in 1895 by the British chemist W. Ramsay. Lockyer also studied gas glow under various pressures and temperatures. In 1887 he proposed a classification of stellar spectra and in 1902 published A Catalog of the Spectra of 470 Bright Stars. He also studied problems related to stellar evolution; however, his ideas proved to be erroneous. In 1869, Lockyer founded the journal Nature in London and was its editor for 50 years.


Cortie, A. L. “Sir Norman Lockyer, 1836–1920.” The Astrophysical Journal, 1921, vol. 53, no. 4.
References in periodicals archive ?
1836: Sir Norman Lockyer, British astronomer who discovered helium, was born in Rugby.
It was launched in 1869 by Joseph Norman Lockyer, who had a commitment to excellence in the "hard" sciences, including physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, and genetics, as well as paleontology, geology, evolutionary sciences, archeology, and even certain aspects of social science.
1836: Sir Norman Lockyer, British astronomer |who discovered helium, was born in Rugby.
The thirty-one exhibits consisted of the BAA Sections, Sales, and Campaign for Dark Skies; Manchester Astronomical Society, Liverpool Astronomical Society, Macclesfield Astronomical Society, Altrincham and District Astronomical Society, Newbury Astronomical Society, Cannock Civic Observatories, the Society for the History of Astronomy, and the Norman Lockyer Observatory; and Astronomia, Cave Collimator, Aurora Books, Galactic Garments, and Virtual Image.
Rev Kate Kay, chief astronomer at the Norman Lockyer Observatory in Sidmouth, Devon, told the Independent that the comet is going around the sun, and there is always a danger that if people try to look at it when it is near the sun, their eyes could get damaged.
NATIONAL DAY OF NORWAY 1836: Sir Norman Lockyer, British astronomer who discovered helium by spectrographic analysis of sunlight, was born in Rugby.
During the eclipse of December 12, 1871, for instance, British solar astronomer Norman Lockyer noted that, with a 6-inch re-fractor at Bekul, India, "the eclipse terminated for the others but not for me.
Sir Norman Lockyer, helium pioneer and a founder of astro-physics, was honoured yesterday when English Heritage unveiled a permanent tribute to him.
Norman Lockyer on Kant's views regarding space and time (2.: 140, 141-144, and 144-146) were originally printed as letters to the editor of Nature on 13 and 27 January and 10 February 1870, early during Lockyer's long tenure in that position.
Meanwhile, a British astronomer, Joseph Norman Lockyer (1836-1920), showed that by allowing light from the edge of the Sun to pass through a prism, he could obtain spectra of prominences even without an eclipse.
1836: Sir Norman Lockyer, British astronomer who discovered helium in the spectroscopic lines of the Sun, was born in Rugby.