Joseph Norman Lockyer

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Lockyer, Joseph Norman


Born May 17, 1836, in Rugby; died Aug. 16, 1920, in Salcombe Regis, Devonshire. British astrophysicist. Director of the observatory in South Kensington from 1885 to 1913.

Lockyer studied the solar spectrum, sunspots, and the sun’s chromosphere, prominences, and corona. In the spectrum of the chromosphere and the prominences (for the study of which Lockyer proposed a new method independently of the French astronomer P. J. Janssen) he detected in 1868 the line of a hypothetical element—helium—discovered on the earth only in 1895 by the British chemist W. Ramsay. Lockyer also studied gas glow under various pressures and temperatures. In 1887 he proposed a classification of stellar spectra and in 1902 published A Catalog of the Spectra of 470 Bright Stars. He also studied problems related to stellar evolution; however, his ideas proved to be erroneous. In 1869, Lockyer founded the journal Nature in London and was its editor for 50 years.


Cortie, A. L. “Sir Norman Lockyer, 1836–1920.” The Astrophysical Journal, 1921, vol. 53, no. 4.
References in periodicals archive ?
1836: Sir Norman Lockyer, British astronomer |who discovered helium, was born in Rugby.
Yn wir fe gyflwynodd y llyfr i Sir Norman Lockyer, y gwr a awgrymodd fod Bryn Celli Ddu yn gorwedd ar linell codiad yr Haul ar hirddydd Haf am y tro cyntaf.
1836: Sir Norman Lockyer, British astronomer who discovered helium, was born in Rugby.
The thirty-one exhibits consisted of the BAA Sections, Sales, and Campaign for Dark Skies; Manchester Astronomical Society, Liverpool Astronomical Society, Macclesfield Astronomical Society, Altrincham and District Astronomical Society, Newbury Astronomical Society, Cannock Civic Observatories, the Society for the History of Astronomy, and the Norman Lockyer Observatory; and Astronomia, Cave Collimator, Aurora Books, Galactic Garments, and Virtual Image.
Rev Kate Kay, chief astronomer at the Norman Lockyer Observatory in Sidmouth, Devon, told the Independent that the comet is going around the sun, and there is always a danger that if people try to look at it when it is near the sun, their eyes could get damaged.
NATIONAL DAY OF NORWAY 1836: Sir Norman Lockyer, British astronomer who discovered helium by spectrographic analysis of sunlight, was born in Rugby.
Sir Norman Lockyer, helium pioneer and a founder of astro-physics, was honoured yesterday when English Heritage unveiled a permanent tribute to him.
Norman Lockyer on Kant's views regarding space and time (2.
Ffaith arall ddiddorol am Brett oedd i'w ddawn fel astronomegydd ddod ag ef i gysylltiad a Sir Norman Lockyer.
122(5), 267-270), an excellent example of the continuing valuable collaborative work of Nick James & Peter Meadows, working from northern Chelmsford and Great Baddow respectively, and radio observers from the Norman Lockyer Observatory.
The next step in my commitment to astronomical history occurred in 1997, when one of my friends in Coventry asked how much I knew about the life of Sir Norman Lockyer.