Nortel Networks

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Nortel Networks

(Nortel Networks Limited, Brampton, Ontario) Once a world leader in telecommunications products, Nortel filed for bankruptcy in 2009 and sold its CDMA business and LTE assets to Ericsson and its enterprise and government business to Avaya.

Nortel's products included switching, wireless and broadband systems for service providers and carriers, telephones and systems for residential and business users, computer telephony integration, multimedia and telephone network management systems.

With an international history that goes back more than a century, Nortel was a pioneer in telecom. After Alexander Graham Bell's father sold his share in his son's telephone patent to National Bell Telephone of Boston in 1880, a former sea captain, Charles Fleetford Sise, was sent to Montreal to create Bell Telephone Company of Canada. Within two years, the company began to make its own telephones. By 1895, the manufacturing branch was spun off into Northern Electric and Manufacturing, later renamed Northern Electric when it merged with the wire and cable subsidiary of Bell in 1914.

Over the next decades, Northern Electric manufactured equipment designed by Western Electric, which owned as much as 46% of the company at one time. It also made a raft of other products including radios, TVs, amplifiers, Hammond organs, sound equipment and police and fire call boxes. After the 1956 consent decree that caused AT&T to eliminate its partnerships, the company gained technical independence from Western Electric and established its own R&D labs in Ottawa.

In 1971, Northern Electric merged its research and development with Bell Canada to form BNR (Bell Northern Research). A year later, it introduced its first line of computerized PBXs, which evolved into digital PBXs and digital switches.

In 1976, Northern Electric was renamed Northern Telecom. Its DMS line of digital central office telephone switches, introduced a year later, provided explosive growth for the company, especially after the 1984 AT&T breakup. Northern Telecom became the first non-Japanese supplier to Nippon Telegraph & Telephone, and the company took advantage of opportunities in Europe and China.

In 1995, it adopted a new logo and name: NORTEL. In 1998, it added Networks to its name when it merged with Bay Networks, a major manufacturer of hubs and routers. From its roots back to Alexander Graham Bell, Nortel Networks became one of the world's largest suppliers of digital network solutions.

The Creation of Northern Electric
In 1914, the merger of Northern Electric and Imperial Wire and Cable was celebrated at St. Lawrence Hall in Montreal. (Image courtesy of Nortel Networks.)
References in periodicals archive ?
We always knew the strength behind Nortel's brand, but now the whole world will know why companies have been using its equipment to keep network costs down, tackle new business, adjust to market shifts, stay connected with global partners and customers around the clock, and generally, be competitive," said David McLaren, president, International Nortel Networks Users Association, an independent association not managed by Nortel.
BRUSSELS, Belgium -- Mobistar, Belgium's second largest wireless operator, has selected Nortel Networks (NYSE:NT)(TSX:NT) as the sole provider of third generation (3G) radio equipment to upgrade its national wireless network.
TORONTO -- First Phase of Multi-Phased Closing Related to Divestiture of Certain Nortel Networks Manufacturing Operations and Related Activities to Flextronics Now Complete
TORONTO -- Nortel Networks Corporation (NYSE:NT)(TSX:NT) today announced that its principal operating subsidiary, Nortel Networks Limited ("NNL"), has obtained a new waiver from Export Development Canada ("EDC") under the EDC performance-related support facility (the "EDC Support Facility") of certain defaults related to the delay by the Company and NNL in filing their respective 2003 Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Q1 2004 Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Q2 2004 Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q (collectively, the "Delayed Reports"), in each case with the U.
TORONTO -- Nortel Networks Corporation (NYSE:NT)(TSX:NT) and its principal operating subsidiary, Nortel Networks Limited ("NNL"), today provided a status update pursuant to the alternative information guidelines of the Ontario Securities Commission.
VIVO, the leading mobile telecommunications service provider in the Southern Hemisphere, has selected Nortel Networks (NYSE:NT)(TSX:NT) to expand and upgrade its third generation (3G) CDMA (code division multiple access) 2000 1X network in Brazil's Northern, Southern and West-Central regions and the states of Bahia and Maranhao in the Northeast.
Deployed in more than 1,000 customer networks in 65 countries, Nortel Networks end-to-end optical network portfolio includes next generation SONET/SDH, optical switching products, photonics (WDM), and Optical Ethernet products.
a Nortel Networks channel partner and joint venture company, to provide a secure, reliable public wireless local area network (LAN) based on an advanced Wireless Mesh Network solution from Nortel Networks (NYSE:NT)(TSX:NT).
The University of Arkansas, working with Nortel Networks (NYSE:NT)(TSX:NT) and the SBC family of companies, has deployed a Nortel Networks Wireless Mesh Network solution designed to extend the reach of wireless local area network (LAN) technology outdoors.
DALLAS -- Nortel Networks (NYSE:NT) (TSX:NT) today announced new customer deployments that are improving the way higher education and research organizations use networking resources to communicate, conduct research, teach students and provide mobile collaborative multimedia technologies both on and off campus.
TORONTO -- Nortel Networks Corporation (NYSE:NT)(TSX:NT) announced today an update concerning implementation of the agreement announced June 29, 2004 for the Company to divest certain manufacturing operations and related activities to Flextronics.
Nortel Networks announced earlier today an update concerning the status of the agreement announced June 29, 2004 for the Company to divest certain manufacturing operations and related activities to Flextronics.