North American Free Trade Agreement

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North American Free Trade Agreement

(NAFTA), accord establishing a free-trade zone in North America; it was signed in 1992 by Canada, Mexico, and the United States and took effect on Jan. 1, 1994. NAFTA immediately lifted tariffs on the majority of goods produced by the signatory nations. It also called for the gradual elimination of most remaining barriers to cross-border investment and to the movement of goods and services among the three countries; its provisions as a result were not fully in effect until Jan. 1, 2008. Major industries affected include agriculture, automobile and textile manufacture, telecommunications, financial services, energy, and trucking. NAFTA also provides for labor and environmental cooperation among member countries. The pact contains provisions for the inclusion of additional member nations.

Labor representatives have criticized NAFTA, claiming the agreement has led to numerous jobs lost in the United States because industries have moved plants to Mexico (see maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
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); NAFTA proponents point to the U.S. jobs created because of increased imports by Mexico and Canada. The agreement has negatively affected the economies of several Caribbean countries whose exports to the United States now compete with duty-free Mexican exports. The agreement was a significant issue in the U.S. elections of 1992, in which third-party presidential candidate and NAFTA opponent Ross PerotPerot, H. Ross
(Henry Ross Perot), 1930–, American business executive and political leader, b. Texarkana, Tex., grad. Annapolis, 1953. In 1957 he resigned his commission and became a salesman for IBM.
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 won 19% of the vote, and 2016, during and following which successful Republican presidential candidate Donald TrumpTrump, Donald John,
1946–, 45th president of the United States (2017–), b. New York City. Prior to his election as president in 2016, he was a business executive rather than a political leader. After attending Fordham Univ. and the Wharton business school (B.Sc.
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 called for its renegotiation or abandonment.

References in periodicals archive ?
There was a notable increase in the imports from the Greater Arab Trade Zone countries especially Saudi Arabia who is the main source of crude oil imports in addition to the European Union countries, the non-Arab Asian countries and the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) countries.
The Koreans have already voted with their feet in Guatemala, and the experience in Mexico, where a similar trade pact, the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), has been in place for years, is not encouraging.
The North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which liberalised trade between the USA, Canada and Mexico, includes a special side agreement.
Kerry gave former President Bill Clinton his support to create the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and voted to extend free-trade policies with Africa, Central America and the Caribbean.
Even Mexico is hesitant, fearing the plan could remove its privileged access to the US under the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
According to a North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) report, released in May 2002, toxic releases declined 6% in the United States from 1995 to 1999.
Both the Geneva-based World Trade Organization (WTO) and a panel under the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) have ruled that the duties Mexico placed on U.

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