North Bohemia

North Bohemia


(Severočeský Kraj), an administrative and territorial unit (region) in Czechoslovakia, in the northwestern Czech Socialist Republic. Area, 7,800 sq km. Population, 1.1 million (1973). The capital is Ústí nad Labem.

To the west and north, along the border with the German Democratic Republic, are the Krušné Hory (Erzgebirge or Ore Mountains), the Lužické Hory (Lausitzer Gebirge or Lusatian Mountains), and the Jizerské Hory (Isergebirge or Jizera Mountains), which reach elevations of more than 1,000 m. To the south and east the mountains decrease in elevation, gradually giving way to rolling foothills and eventually to a fertile, arable plain watered by the Elbe River and its tributaries.

North Bohemia is one of Czechoslovakia’s most advanced industrial regions. It produces much of the country’s fuel and energy and accounts for approximately one-eighth of the country’s industrial production. Approximately 50 percent of the work force is employed in industry, and 10 percent in agriculture. North Bohemia produces most of the country’s lignite, at Most, Litvinov, Duchcov, and Bilina. Steam power plants at Tušimice, Prunéřov, Počerady, Komořany, Ervěnice, and elsewhere produce electric power. North Bohemia has a chemical industry—for example, at the Czechoslovak-Soviet Friendship Plant in Záluží, and at Ústí nad Labem and Lovosice. Liberec and its environs, Ústí nad Labem, and Děĝín have machine building. Since the institution of people’s rule, old branches of industry have been completely rebuilt and thoroughly modernized—for example, the textile industry, which is located for the most part in the northern foothills, and the glass industry, which is centered in Nový Bor and Jablonec, known for the production of costume jewelry.

Agriculture in North Bohemia is noted for horticulture and the growing of hops, especially in the famous žatec hops-growing region. Wheat, barley, and sugar beets are grown in the valleys of the Elbe and Ohře rivers, and rye, forage grasses, and potatoes in the foothills and Liberec and Kutná Hora basins. Cattle are raised primarily for meat and partly for dairy products. The Elbe is navigable; the largest wharves are at Ústí nad Labem and Děčin.


References in periodicals archive ?
Public tender was divided into four parts, namely according to territorial units: South Bohemia, North Bohemia, East Bohemia, South Moravia.
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As four defendants stand trial in Pest County Court over a series of murders of Roma, and far-right vigilantes patrol Hungarian villages to "prevent Roma crime", Czech police again battled counter-demonstrators opposing what the latter said was a neo-Nazi demonstration, this time in the town of Krupka, north Bohemia.
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Peter Tracey, 60, has been awarded the title of Best Teacher of the Year in North Bohemia.
The players spent the night in Prague after losing a World Cup match to the Czech Republic in Teplice, north Bohemia.
The Terezin Ghetto in North Bohemia in the Czech Republic was an extraordinary episode in the history of the Holocaust.
TESmedia has built its telecommunications network in Prague 8 and 9 and in other more than 20 towns mainly in north Bohemia.
Budweiser Budvar is lagered (stored) for at least 90 days, during which time it matures, allowing the natural ingredients - water from the brewery's 300-metre deep well; Moravian malted barley; Saaz hops from North Bohemia and yeast - to "round" and mellow into golden yellow perfection.
Tuesday, March 8, 1960 Dear Henderson: It occurs to me that you may be surprised and even worried to find that I am in Honolulu rather than in North Bohemia, Maine.
Public tender is divided into three parts, and according to territorial units: North Bohemia, East Bohemia, South Moravia.

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