North Bohemia

North Bohemia


(Severočeský Kraj), an administrative and territorial unit (region) in Czechoslovakia, in the northwestern Czech Socialist Republic. Area, 7,800 sq km. Population, 1.1 million (1973). The capital is Ústí nad Labem.

To the west and north, along the border with the German Democratic Republic, are the Krušné Hory (Erzgebirge or Ore Mountains), the Lužické Hory (Lausitzer Gebirge or Lusatian Mountains), and the Jizerské Hory (Isergebirge or Jizera Mountains), which reach elevations of more than 1,000 m. To the south and east the mountains decrease in elevation, gradually giving way to rolling foothills and eventually to a fertile, arable plain watered by the Elbe River and its tributaries.

North Bohemia is one of Czechoslovakia’s most advanced industrial regions. It produces much of the country’s fuel and energy and accounts for approximately one-eighth of the country’s industrial production. Approximately 50 percent of the work force is employed in industry, and 10 percent in agriculture. North Bohemia produces most of the country’s lignite, at Most, Litvinov, Duchcov, and Bilina. Steam power plants at Tušimice, Prunéřov, Počerady, Komořany, Ervěnice, and elsewhere produce electric power. North Bohemia has a chemical industry—for example, at the Czechoslovak-Soviet Friendship Plant in Záluží, and at Ústí nad Labem and Lovosice. Liberec and its environs, Ústí nad Labem, and Děĝín have machine building. Since the institution of people’s rule, old branches of industry have been completely rebuilt and thoroughly modernized—for example, the textile industry, which is located for the most part in the northern foothills, and the glass industry, which is centered in Nový Bor and Jablonec, known for the production of costume jewelry.

Agriculture in North Bohemia is noted for horticulture and the growing of hops, especially in the famous žatec hops-growing region. Wheat, barley, and sugar beets are grown in the valleys of the Elbe and Ohře rivers, and rye, forage grasses, and potatoes in the foothills and Liberec and Kutná Hora basins. Cattle are raised primarily for meat and partly for dairy products. The Elbe is navigable; the largest wharves are at Ústí nad Labem and Děčin.


References in periodicals archive ?
As a result, the craftsmanship and unique technological knowledge of the producers from North Bohemia are also frequently used by distinctive fashion brands such as Nina Ricci, Gautier and Karl Lagerfeld.
The subject of performance of this contract is a direct implementation of the concierge and guard service in a total of eight main buildings and remote guards in 45 other buildings NET4GAS the Czech Republic in North Bohemia Region, Region South Bohemia and Moravia Region.
EF565947), and isolates from North Bohemia (Czech Republic).
In August, a group of Roma was accused of attacking customers with machetes in a bar in Novy Bor in the North Bohemia region of the Czech Republic.
As four defendants stand trial in Pest County Court over a series of murders of Roma, and far-right vigilantes patrol Hungarian villages to "prevent Roma crime", Czech police again battled counter-demonstrators opposing what the latter said was a neo-Nazi demonstration, this time in the town of Krupka, north Bohemia.
In North Bohemia, a region similar in size to PEI, legislation is in place to set limits on coal mining.
Over fifty years ago, when I was a small boy on a farm near North Bohemia, Maine, my father owned a very unusual corn harvester.
Budvar is lagered (stored) for at least 90 days, allowing its natural ingredients ( water from the brewery's 300-metre deep well, Moravian malted barley, Saaz hops from North Bohemia and yeast ( to round and mellow into golden perfection.
In addition, the poor air quality, particularly in Prague and the industrial regions of North Bohemia, Silesia and North Moravia "is a threat to resident's health", indicated the report.
Peter Tracey, 60, has been awarded the title of Best Teacher of the Year in North Bohemia.
The players spent the night in Prague after losing a World Cup match to the Czech Republic in Teplice, north Bohemia.

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