North Bohemia

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

North Bohemia


(Severočeský Kraj), an administrative and territorial unit (region) in Czechoslovakia, in the northwestern Czech Socialist Republic. Area, 7,800 sq km. Population, 1.1 million (1973). The capital is Ústí nad Labem.

To the west and north, along the border with the German Democratic Republic, are the Krušné Hory (Erzgebirge or Ore Mountains), the Lužické Hory (Lausitzer Gebirge or Lusatian Mountains), and the Jizerské Hory (Isergebirge or Jizera Mountains), which reach elevations of more than 1,000 m. To the south and east the mountains decrease in elevation, gradually giving way to rolling foothills and eventually to a fertile, arable plain watered by the Elbe River and its tributaries.

North Bohemia is one of Czechoslovakia’s most advanced industrial regions. It produces much of the country’s fuel and energy and accounts for approximately one-eighth of the country’s industrial production. Approximately 50 percent of the work force is employed in industry, and 10 percent in agriculture. North Bohemia produces most of the country’s lignite, at Most, Litvinov, Duchcov, and Bilina. Steam power plants at Tušimice, Prunéřov, Počerady, Komořany, Ervěnice, and elsewhere produce electric power. North Bohemia has a chemical industry—for example, at the Czechoslovak-Soviet Friendship Plant in Záluží, and at Ústí nad Labem and Lovosice. Liberec and its environs, Ústí nad Labem, and Děĝín have machine building. Since the institution of people’s rule, old branches of industry have been completely rebuilt and thoroughly modernized—for example, the textile industry, which is located for the most part in the northern foothills, and the glass industry, which is centered in Nový Bor and Jablonec, known for the production of costume jewelry.

Agriculture in North Bohemia is noted for horticulture and the growing of hops, especially in the famous žatec hops-growing region. Wheat, barley, and sugar beets are grown in the valleys of the Elbe and Ohře rivers, and rye, forage grasses, and potatoes in the foothills and Liberec and Kutná Hora basins. Cattle are raised primarily for meat and partly for dairy products. The Elbe is navigable; the largest wharves are at Ústí nad Labem and Děčin.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The student delegation will meet the Governor of North Bohemia region.
As a result, the craftsmanship and unique technological knowledge of the producers from North Bohemia are also frequently used by distinctive fashion brands such as Nina Ricci, Gautier and Karl Lagerfeld.
The Habermann concerto was discovered in 1960 in the private collection of Zdenek Vodek in north Bohemia. According to an interview with Professor Gross in Fanfare magazine, publication of the piece was difficult due to the communist regime, and it was only after Vodek's death that the piece was published by Hans Pizka edition.
EF565947), and isolates from North Bohemia (Czech Republic).
A passion for glass is practically a birthright in North Bohemia. The Czech Republic region has excelled at crystal craftsmanship for nearly 800 years, but a Communist-led, state-controlled monopoly that dominated the mid-20th century left the industry unfocused and uninspired heading into the new century.
In August, a group of Roma was accused of attacking customers with machetes in a bar in Novy Bor in the North Bohemia region of the Czech Republic.
As four defendants stand trial in Pest County Court over a series of murders of Roma, and far-right vigilantes patrol Hungarian villages to "prevent Roma crime", Czech police again battled counter-demonstrators opposing what the latter said was a neo-Nazi demonstration, this time in the town of Krupka, north Bohemia.
In North Bohemia, a region similar in size to PEI, legislation is in place to set limits on coal mining.
"Over fifty years ago, when I was a small boy on a farm near North Bohemia, Maine, my father owned a very unusual corn harvester.
Evan writes in an engaging style about beer and the importance it exerts over every facet of Czech life - an echo of the old proverb carved into the stonework of the Zatec Brewery in North Bohemia: "Kde se pivo vari, tam se dobre dari" (where beer is brewed, life is good).
In addition, the poor air quality, particularly in Prague and the industrial regions of North Bohemia, Silesia and North Moravia "is a threat to resident's health", indicated the report.

Full browser ?