North-West Frontier


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North-West Frontier

 

a province in northwestern Pakistan, on the border with Afghanistan. Area, 74,500 sq km. Population, 8.4 million (1972). The capital is Peshawar.

Most of the North-West Frontier is covered with mountains. The northern part of the province is occupied by western spurs of the Himalayas and ranges of the Hindu Kush; the Hindu Kush rises to an elevation of 7,690 m at Mount Tirich Mir, the highest point in Pakistan. The western part of the province is an arid region, with low mountains and a plateau.

Agriculture predominates, although much of the land is not suitable for it; 1.4 million hectares are cultivated, mostly in the Peshawar valley. The province, which includes 9.3 percent of Pakistan’s land area and 12.9 percent of the population, produces 8 percent of the country’s wheat harvest, 3 percent of the rice, 0.1 percent of the cotton, 51 percent of the corn harvest, approximately 30 percent of the tobacco, and 18 percent of the sugarcane; vegetables and fruits are also grown. The North-West Frontier accounts for 5 percent of Pakistan’s industrial production. Industry includes food processing (especially sugar) and textile manufacture (cotton). There are a number of small machine shops. Handicraft production—primarily the production of pottery and household articles—is extensively developed. Rock salt is mined and limestone is quarried.

The North-West Frontier was formed in 1901, after its territory was separated from the province of Punjab in British India.

In 1947, the North-West Frontier became part of Pakistan. In 1955 it was incorporated into the single province of West Pakistan, but in 1970 it was again made a separate province.

References in periodicals archive ?
Citing that key to any present-day military strategy is the employment of air power, Cloughley, Grau, and Roe note that it has been frequently overlooked or ignored in the historic record via the North-West frontier of India.
Over the past 172 years Afghanistan and the North-West Frontier have been ravaged by war.
Buner, home to about one million people, is a gateway to Mardan, the second largest in North-West Frontier Province, after Peshawar.
On Tuesday, the Taleban, which have claimed responsibility for the Wah bombing, killed 35 people in a suicide bombing at a hospital in the North-West Frontier Province town of Dera Ismail Khan.
He had been in Bahrain for 10 years and leaves a widow and an eight-year-old son, who live in Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province.
A weapon of the type used by Green Howards during the Tirah Campaign of 1897 on the former North-West Frontier of India and in the Boer War has been presented to the Regimental Museum in Richmond by a Darlington supporter.
Overall, Islamist insurgents appear to be stepping up the culture war in the urban areas of the North-West Frontier province; shortly after the Mardan attack, a video store in nearby Charsadda was blown up and threatening letters were sent to area Christians and moderate imams.
For centuries, Pakistan's North-West Frontier has been seen as a lawless wilderness, which more recently has given sanctuary to Osama Bin Laden and other fundamentalist Muslim leaders.
HISTORY tells us that the North-West Frontier Province has been one of the most volatile regions of the world for centuries.
Mr Khan met with his brother, Zul Fiqar Ali, on Sunday at a hostel near the Islamic University in Islamabad and was on his way back to his home town of Dera Ismail Khan, in the North-West Frontier Province.
Peshawar, in North-West Frontier Province, is one of the most dangerous cities for foreigners in Pakistan.
Living Islam: Muslim Religious-Experience in Pakistan's North-West Frontier.

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