Royal Canadian Mounted Police

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Royal Canadian Mounted Police,

constabulary organized (1873) as the Northwest Mounted Police to bring law and order to the Canadian west. In 1920 the name was changed to the present title. The corps, which gained a romantic reputation for daring exploits and persistence in trailing criminals, originally numbered 300 men; they came to be known as Red Coats, Riders of the Plains, and, most popularly, Mounties. The force later absorbed the provincial police forces of all the territories and provinces except Ontario and Quebec and enforces all federal and provincial laws except in those provinces. It also takes part in selected international peacekeeping activites. The force numbers about 16,000.
References in periodicals archive ?
On April 13, Big Bear's band surrounded Fort Pitt and issued an ultimatum for its North-West Mounted Police to surrender.
Report of the Commissioner of the North-West Mounted Police, 1892.
150 North-West Mounted Police officers were sent out to settle the matters, the task which proved fraught with logistic difficulties, including the expedition getting lost at one point on the way, and eventually finding only one trader of those they were supposed to confront.
Their name was later changed to Royal North-West Mounted police and finally the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Superintendent Leif Crozier of the North-West Mounted Police was in command of Fort Carlton at the time of the Duck Lake incident.
When on March 19, 1885, the half-blood Metis leader Louis David Riel established the Provisional Government of Saskatchewan, an attempt by North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) and Prince Albert Volunteers under Superintendent Leif Crazier to arrest him ended in an embarrassing rout at Duck Lake, 2.
The unlimited sale of liquor had a devastating effect on the Blackfoot and caused such an uproar that the North-West Mounted Police were sent west to put an end to the illicit traffic.
In 1875, the North-West Mounted Police (now the RCMP) built Fort Walsh in southwest Saskatchewan to bring law and order to the area.
As a result, some very important essays on topics as varied as the origins of the Royal North-West Mounted Police, Canada's water laws between 1870 and 1940, and the law and public nudity, are likely to become virtually lost in the thickets.
Anniversaries: 753BC: The city of Rome founded; 1809: Napoleon's army overtook and defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Landshut; 1816: Birth of novelist Charlotte Bronte; 1873; Canadian North-West Mounted Police established; 1910: Death of American novelist Mark Twain; 1918: Baron Manfred von Richthofen, the legendary German fighter pilot known as the Red Baron, shot down by RAF fighter; 1923: The Birmingham Repertory Theatre's production of Cymbeline became the first Shakespeare play to be staged entirely in modern dress; 1946: Death of economist John Maynard Keynes.
Included also are comments on the survey of the International Boundary, route followed by the North-West Mounted Police in 1874, and the history of whiskey forts, and Metis settlements.

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