Northern Cape


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Northern Cape,

province (2011 pop. 1,145,861), 144,015 sq mi (372,889 sq km), NW South Africa. In 1994, under South Africa's post-apartheid constitution, Northern Cape was created from the northern portion of the former Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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. The province is bounded on the north by Botswana, on the east by North West and Free State, on the south by Eastern Cape, on the south and southwest by Western Cape, on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the northwest by Namibia.

The largest province in South Africa, it is also the least populated, lying on an arid plateau that stretches into the KalahariKalahari
, arid plateau region, c.100,000 sq mi (259,000 sq km), in Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa. The Kalahari, covered largely by reddish sand, lies between the Orange and Zambezi rivers and is studded with dry lake beds. Yearly rainfall varies from 5 in. (12.
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 desert in the north. The Orange River, joined by the Vaal River, flows westward through the province and forms Northern Cape's border with Namibia before emptying into the Atlantic. The capital and largest city is KimberleyKimberley
, city, now part and seat of Sol Plaatje local municipality, Northern Cape prov., South Africa. Since the 19th cent. the city has been primarily a diamond-mining center, but underground mining, which had not been profitable for some time, was halted in mid-2005.
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.

Sheep farming is important in the Karoo, a semidesert region that covers much of the province. Grapes and other fruit are grown in the Orange River valley. Iron ore and diamonds are mined; diamond mining, once the most important factor in the economy, has declined in recent years. The San people inhabit the Kalahari, and the area is rich in their rock engravings. The principal languages of Northern Cape are Afrikaans and Setswana.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Northern Cape

the largest but least populated province in South Africa, in the NW part of the country; created in 1994 from part of Cape Province: agriculture, mining (esp diamonds). Capital: Kimberley. Pop.: 899 349 (2004 est.). Area: 139 703 sq. km (361 830 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The twinning agreement between KRC and the Northern Cape Provincial Government of the Republic of South Africa was signed on 14 September 1999, to look at economic development opportunities, safety and security and improve education and culture tolerance.
With a special focus on the developments in South Africa's energy sector, AOP 2019 will cast a spotlight on the country's exploration and production prospects, the evolution of the power sector - specifically in the Kwa-Zulu Natal and Northern Cape provinces - and unpack the country's energy strategies expressed in the draft Integrated Resource Plan (IRP).
Orion's managing director and CEO Errol Smart said: "We are delighted to welcome Safika as a partner in our Northern Cape mining ventures.
The Northern Cape is the largest and least densely populated province in SA.
The men from Bloemfontein are also grouped alongside last year's finalists Northern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal with the only the top side progressing to the knockout stages later this month.
Wheat used to produce the new pasta, biscuit and flour ranges is sourced from farms in the Northern Cape, where grains known for their very high quality are produced sustainably under irrigation.
The company expects to commence construction on the 100 MW Redstone concentrated solar power project, also in Northern Cape, later this year and is awaiting the outcome of tender submissions for a 300 MW coal-fired plant in Mpumalanga province in eastern South Africa.
The ranking of provincial homicide rates in our study was very similar to the SAPS crime statistics for 2009, with the notable exception of the Northern Cape. This finding is consistent with the reported decrease in Western Cape homicide rates.
Abengoa and state-owned financier, the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC), together with KaXu Community Trust have launched a 100 MW solar plant near the town of Pofadder (Northern Cape Province), capable of providing clean and sustainable power to approximately 80,000 homes in South Africa.
In its annual report for 2013, TransNamib Holdings states, "The revitalisation of the Orange corridor is currently being investigated, especially in light of the interest shown by mining and agriculture companies in the Northern Cape of South Africa.
Free State, Northern Cape, Bloemfontein, Nelspruit, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, Pietermaritzburg and North West were briefed on loss of human lives and property in the devastating flood.

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