Northern Caucasus

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Northern Caucasus

 

(1) The territory encompassing Ciscaucasia and the northern slope of the Greater Caucasus, with the exception of the eastern portion of the Greater Caucasus in the Azerbaijan SSR. The Northern Caucasus also includes part of the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus, from the western tip of the Greater Caucasus to the Psou River on the boundary of the Abkhazian SSR. The Northern Caucasus encompasses the southern part of Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar and Stavropol’ krais, the Kabarda-Balkar ASSR, the Severnaia Osetiia ASSR, the Chechen-Ingush ASSR, the Dagestan ASSR, and part of the western part of the Kalmyk ASSR.

(2) A name for the Northern Caucasus Economic Region of the USSR, a region including Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar and Stavropol’ krais, the Dagestan ASSR, the Kabarda-Balkar ASSR, the Severnaia Osetiia ASSR, and the Chechen-Ingush ASSR but not the western part of the Kalmyk ASSR, which extends into Ciscaucasia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gorbachev, we learn, was born and raised in the Stavropol region in Russia's northern Caucasus. Gorbachev's parents worked on a collective farm, as did the future president in his teens.
Earlier on Tuesday, Iranian Energy Minister Reza Ardakanian said that recent tariff concessions have eased the export of Iranian goods to the Northern Caucasus region, calling for further cuts to have sharp increase in trade between the countries of the region.
His work as a photojournalist has focused on developments in Northern Caucasus, which has experienced ethnic and intercultural conflict and political and economic instability.
He expressed hope that both countries will expand cooperation in the fields of trade, economy, tourism, energy, and mega projects especially in Northern Caucasus province that has a Muslim majority.
"If I answer this question as a consumer, and not as a state representative on the Northern Caucasus, I can say that Baku tomatoes are mostly in demand in the Russian consumer market," the deputy minister said.
He added that their weapons were also "highly-effective" in the past when the Russian armed forces used them to oust terrorists who invaded the Northern Caucasus regions of Russia two decades ago, as well as in Vietnam.
Some experts from Central Asia and Russia fear transition of relations between the United States and Russia into cold war over Syria and Ukraine may bolster development of various separatist, terrorist groups from Central Asia, Northern Caucasus and further creation of the broad terrorist underground groups targeted at the Central Asian states, China and Russia.
Under the pressure of European policy, the Russians had to move fast in the Northern Caucasus: in the late 18th century, Britain and France became actively involved in the geopolitical Caucasian games.
The term Holodomor refers specifically to the brutal artificial famine imposed by Stalin's regime on Soviet Ukraine and primarily ethnically Ukrainian areas in the Northern Caucasus in 1932-33.
In the 1990s, the local conflicts in the Northern Caucasus and the accompanying terrorism threatened investments.
In the nineteenth century, for instance, when the Russians took over the northern Caucasus region from the Ottomans, they expelled the native Circassian population--around one million people--to lands still under Ottoman control.

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