fulmar

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fulmar

(fŭl`mər): see shearwatershearwater,
common name for members of the family Procellariidae, gull-like sea birds related to the petrel and the albatross and including the fulmar. Shearwaters are found on unfrozen saltwaters all over the world, with 35 species in North America.
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; petrelpetrel
, common name given various oceanic birds belonging, like the albatross and the shearwater, to the order known commonly as tube-nosed swimmers. There are two families of petrels: the storm petrels (Hydrobatidae) and the diving petrels (Pelecanoididae).
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Fulmar

 

(Fulmarus glacialis), a bird of the family Procellariidae of the order Procellariiformes. The body length is approximately 50 cm, the wingspan approximately 110 cm, and the weight approximately 760 g. Plumage color may be light—grayish to dove gray—or dark—smoky brown of varied intensity.

Fulmars inhabit the northern parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and parts of the northern Arctic Ocean. They are oceanic birds, and they are found on land only during the reproductive period. They nest in colonies on rocky coasts. There is one egg per clutch, and both parents sit. Fulmars are active day and night. In the sea they feed on fish, fish roe, mollusks, crustaceans, and carrion. The birds fly excellently in any weather, and they can soar. They swim well, and they sleep and rest on the water. Fulmars move awkwardly on land, leaning on their metatarsal bones. They are objects of commerce—the eggs and meat are edible, the oily fat from the stomach is used for technical purposes, and the down is used.

REFERENCES

Kozlova, E. V. “Burevestnikovye ilitrubkonosye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy SSSR, part 1. Moscow, 1951.
Sudilovskaia, A. M. “Otriad trubkonosye ili burevestnikovye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2. Moscow, 1951.

A. M. SUDILOVSKAIA

fulmar

[′fu̇l·mər]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of the oceanic birds composing the family Procellariidae; sometimes referred to as foul gulls because of the foul-smelling substance spat at intruders upon their nests.

fulmar

any heavily built short-tailed oceanic bird of the genus Fulmarus and related genera, of polar regions: family Procellariidae, order Procellariiformes (petrels)
References in periodicals archive ?
We studied Northern Fulmars breeding in Foula, Shetland (60 [degrees] 08 [minutes] N, 2 [degrees] 05[minutes] W) during the first 2 wk of chick rearing (5-20 July) in 1988, 1990, and 1991.
Status, trends and attendance patterns of the Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis in Nunavut, Canada.
Northern Fulmar: Northern fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) bred only at Cape Vera, but were observed at St.
The highly accessible burrow-nesting puffins and ground-nesting gulls and northern fulmars that nest exclusively on the southwestern colony near the fox's territory did not rear any offspring in 2009, nor were there any signs of attempts at nest site establishment by gulls or fulmars (i.
A convalescing northern fulmar waits for a meal from senior aviculturist Todd Dunkirk at the Oregon Coast Aquarium in Newport.
For example, following an intense windstorm that induced temporary nest abandonment by northern fulmars at Cape Vera, glaucous gulls removed about 40% of the eggs on one nesting ledge (n = 33 nests) before the parents could return (Table 3).
Northern fulmars have high fidelity to breeding sites (> 90% if no mortality; Hatch and Nettleship, 1998), and we assumed that observations through the season at a potential nest were observations of the same pair.
Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis: This species breeds only on the south coast of the peninsula (Fig.
Glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus) were seen at four aggregations (5-15 birds), whereas northern fulmars were part of two aggregations (32 and 125 birds, respectively).
Although the numbers of northern fulmars, black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla), ivory gulls (Pagophila eburnea), black guillemots (Cepphus grylle), and thick-billed murres (Uria lomvia), which were also regularly observed, were not always recorded in the same consistent way as were Ross' s gulls, it was clear that their numbers fell short of those for the latter species.

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