Northern Mariana Islands

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Northern Mariana Islands

(märēä`nä), officially Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, a self-governing entity in association with the United States (2015 est. pop. 55,000), c.185 sq mi (479 sq km), comprising 16 islands (6 inhabited) of the Marianas chain (all except GuamGuam
, Chamorro Guåhan, officially Territory of Guam, the largest, most populous, and southernmost of the Mariana Islands (see also Northern Mariana Islands), an unincorporated territory of the United States (2015 est. pop. 162,000), 209 sq mi (541 sq km), W Pacific.
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), in the W Pacific Ocean. The islands lie E of the Philippines and S of Japan and extend 350 mi (563 km) from north to south. The most important are SaipanSaipan
, volcanic island (2010 pop. 48,220), 47 sq mi (122 sq km), W Pacific, capital of the Northern Mariana Islands. It is mountainous; the highest peak is Mt. Tagpochau (1,526 ft/465 m). Like the rest of the country it is subject to sometimes devastating typhoons.
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 (the capital), Rota, and TinianTinian
, island (2010 pop. 3,136), 39 sq mi (101 sq km), W Pacific, one of the Northern Mariana Islands. The island lies immediately SW of Saipan. The inhabitants are of mixed Micronesian, Filipino, and Spanish descent. Tinian's once large phosphate deposits have been depleted.
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. The northern islands are composed of volcanic rock, the southern islands of madrepore limestone covering a volcanic base. All the Marianas are mountainous, with the highest peak (3,166 ft/965 m) on Agrihan. There are active volcanoes, and the islands are subject to sometimes devastating typhoons. More than two fifths are Pacific Islanders (mainly Chamorros), and Asians form nearly as large a portion of the inhabitants; there are minorities of Caucasians and persons of mixed descent. Most of the people are Roman Catholics. Chamorro, Philippine languages, Chinese, English, and other languages are spoken.

Livestock, coconuts, breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons are the chief agricultural products. Tourism, especially from Japan, is a major industry, employing roughly 50% of the workforce. Construction also is critical to the economy. Clothing was formerly the major export, but the liberaliztion of U.S. garment import restrictions in 2005 led to demise of the once significant garment manufacturing industry by 2009. The islands experienced a significant population loss (more than one fifth between 2000 and 2010) when many Asian garment workers returned to their native countries as a result. The Northern Marianas receive substantial financial assistance from the United States.

The Marianas Islands are governed under the constitution of 1978. The president of the United States is the head of state. The government is headed by a governor, who is popularly elected for a four-year term and is eligible for a second term. There is a bicameral legislature. Members of the nine-seat Senate serve four-year terms, while members of the 18-seat House of Representatives serve two-year terms; all legislators are elected by popular vote. Administratively, the Northern Marianas are divided into four municipalities. Residents are U.S. citizens but do not vote in U.S. presidential elections; they do elect a nonvoting delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives.

Settlement of the islands, by people of Indo-Malayan stock, dates back to c.1500 B.C. The Latte Culture, beginning c.A.D. 800, is noted for the surviving large stone pillars and foundations of what are believed to have been ruling class houses, but the nature of the sites had been forgotten by the indigenous Chamorros at the time of European contact. The islands were visited in 1521 by Ferdinand MagellanMagellan, Ferdinand
, Port. Fernão de Magalhães, Span. Fernando de Magallanes, c.1480–1521, Portuguese navigator who sailed for Portugal and Spain. Born of a noble family, he was reared as a page in the royal household.
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, who named them the Ladrones Islands (Thieves Islands). They were renamed the Marianas by Spanish Jesuits who arrived in 1668.

Nominally a possession of Spain until 1898, the islands were sold to Germany in 1899, except for Guam, which was ceded to the United States. The islands belonging to Germany were seized by Japan in 1914 and were mandated to Japan by the League of Nations in 1920. U.S. forces occupied the Marianas (1944) during World War II, and in 1947 the group (exclusive of Guam) was included in the U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific IslandsPacific Islands, Trust Territory of the,
former UN trust territory administered by the United States, consisting of the Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, and Mariana Islands (excluding Guam). The territory included c.
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. Residents approved separate status for the Northern Marianas as a U.S. commonwealth in 1975. They became internally self-governing under U.S. military protection in 1978, and trust territory status was officially ended in 1986. Benigno Fitial, governor from Jan., 2006, resigned in Feb., 2013, after he was impeached. He was succeeded by Lt. Gov. Eloy Inos, who won election to the office in 2014. Inos died in office in 2015 and was succeeded by Lt. Gov. Ralph Torres; Torres was elected to the office in 2018. A extremely strong typhoon in Oct., 2018, caused catastrophic damage to the islands.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Northern Mariana Islands Parks

Parks Directory of the United States, 5th Edition. © 2007 by Omnigraphics, Inc.

Northern Mariana Islands

In 1947 the U.N. assigned the Islands to the U.S. to administer; in 1978 the Islands became a self-governing commonwealth under

U.S. sovereignty; inhabitants became U.S. citizens in 1986, but can­not vote in U.S. elections.

Capital: Saipan (Capitol Hill)
Bird: Marianas Fruit Dove (Ptilonopus roseicapilla)
Flower: Plumeria (Plumeria rubra forma acutifolia)
Tree: Flame tree (Delonix regia)


Office of the Governor Caller Box 10007 Capital Hill Saipan, 96950 670-664-2200 fax: 670-664-2211

Joeten-Kiyu Public Library

P.O. Box501092 Saipan, 96950 670-235-4758 fax: 670-235-7322

Legal Holidays:

Citizenship DayNov 4
Commonwealth Covenant DayMar 24
Commonwealth Cultural DayOct 10, 2011; Oct 8, 2012; Oct 14, 2013; Oct 13, 2014; Oct 12, 2015; Oct 10, 2016; Oct 9, 2017; Oct 8, 2018; Oct 14, 2019; Oct 12, 2020; Oct 11, 2021; Oct 10, 2022; Oct 9, 2023
Constitution DayDec 8
Good FridayApr 22, 2011; Apr 6, 2012; Mar 29, 2013; Apr 18, 2014; Apr 3, 2015; Mar 25, 2016; Apr 14, 2017; Mar 30, 2018; Apr 19, 2019; Apr 10, 2020; Apr 2, 2021; Apr 15, 2022; Apr 7, 2023
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although politically tied to the United States-Guam as a territory and the Northern Mariana Islands as a commonwealth-the archipelago is geographically a part of Micronesia.
Puerto Rico in the Caribbean and the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean belong to the United States and have the status of commonwealth, a legal and political status that is above a territory but still below a state (except for those whose historical official name was the Commonwealth of Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and Virginia).
As many as 41 Asian and Oceania region nations, including two non-IOC members (Macau and Northern Mariana Islands), have registered to participate in the 2010-12 Continental Beach Volleyball Cup.
Drake); Entity Reports from Republic of Palau, Territory of American Samoa, Chuuk State FSM, Territory of Guam, and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; Introducing PARBICA (Naomi Ngirakamerang); Boost Literacy @ Your Library: Working Together to Promote Literacy, (Imengel Mad and Cerilla Michael); A Tribute to Lifetime Achievement Award (recipient Iris Falcam); and attendee group photograph.
territory of Guam, Saipan or Tinian -- in the Northern Mariana Islands -- as the SDP has advocated, Teruya said.
Higgins spent last year as coach of the Northern Mariana Islands men's and women's national teams.
insular areas of American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Guam, and the U.S.
Note: On July 25, the Secretary announced $19 million in Improving Literacy Through School Libraries grants to 78 school districts in 26 states and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. These funds can be used to increase library holdings, improve schools' technological resources and capabilities, facilitate Internet links and other resource-sharing networks, enhance professional development opportunities, and expand hours of access to library services.
According to NTT DoCoMo, the acquisitions will enable the operator to provide wireless network services to Japanese tourists visiting Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. In the future it intends to establish a W-CDMA network for 3G services, using Guam Cellular's frequency band to enable 3G services providing faster and larger data transmissions.
Both companies provide mobile services in Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands.
The dataset contains one record for each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and four of the other jurisdictions (American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands).
Juan Babuta of the Northern Mariana Islands government, adding, ''Saipan itself will not change, but the people will have a warmness in their hearts as a result of this visit.''

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