Northern Pacific Railway

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Northern Pacific Railway,

former American rail line, following the northern route from Duluth and St. Paul, Minn., to Seattle, Wash., and Portland, Oreg. The Northern Pacific RR Company was chartered by special act of Congress in 1864, and construction was begun in 1870. Jay Cooke at first managed the enterprise, but after the Panic of 1873 the railroad company went into bankruptcy. Under the leadership of Henry Billard, the Northern Pacific was opened in 1883 from Ashland, Wis., to Portland, Oreg. The company became the Northern Pacific Railway in 1896. In 1901 there was a spectacular financial contest between the interests of E. H. Harriman and those of James HillHill, James Jerome,
1838–1916, American railroad builder, b. Ontario, Canada. He went to St. Paul, Minn., in 1856. He became a partner of Norman Kittson in a steamboat line and, with Kittson, Donald Alexander Smith (later Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal), and George
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 and J. P. Morgan for control of the Northern Pacific. The Hill-Morgan group secured control, but an agreement between the two groups resulted in the organization of the Northern Securities Company, a giant holding company that controlled the Northern Pacific, the Great Northern, and the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy. When the trust was dissolved (1904) as a violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act, the Hill-Morgan interests came into control of the Northern Pacific. In spite of the breakup of the Northern Securities Company, a proposal for a very similar merger was made by a consultant for the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1921. The plan was never acted upon, but 40 years later the Northern Pacific again asked for permission to merge with the Great Northern and the Burlington lines. Finally, in 1970 the Supreme Court approved the consolidation. The merged company became the Burlington Northern RR, which in 1995 merged with the Santa Fe line to form the Burlington Northern Santa Fe RailwayBurlington Northern Santa Fe Railway,
railroad system in much of the United States (except the Northeast) and in S Canada, created in 1995 from the merger of Burlington Northern Inc. and the Santa Fe Pacific Corp. (see Santa Fe RR).
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References in classic literature ?
For three months, during which a day seemed an age, the Abraham Lincoln furrowed all the waters of the Northern Pacific, running at whales, making sharp deviations from her course, veering suddenly from one tack to another, stopping suddenly, putting on steam, and backing ever and anon at the risk of deranging her machinery, and not one point of the Japanese or American coast was left unexplored.
The new aircraft flight control system, based on the Multifunctional Transport Satellite (MTASAT) the transport ministry plans to launch this summer, will enable air controllers to double the volume of traffic over northern Pacific, ministry officials said.
Northern Pacific Group is a Minnesota-based growth equity investment firm focused on acquiring and investing in growing companies in the Midwest.
Summary: Approximately 500 seamen remain trapped aboard ships caught in ice in Russia's Northern Pacific.
Jay Cooke's gamble; the Northern Pacific Railroad, the Sioux, and the Panic of 1873.
Because the storm is coming from the northern Pacific, it will be colder than the last one to hit Southern California, forecasters said.
A Japanese tuna trawler caught fire in the Northern Pacific on Monday, but all seven crew members were rescued unhurt by another Japanese fishing boat, local coast guard officials said.
Russia on Monday offered South Korea an alternative fishing site in the northern Pacific as part of Moscow's efforts to resolve a fishery dispute with Japan in waters around a chain of North Pacific islands claimed by Japan.
The fishing boat left Kaohsiung in southern Taiwan on Wednesday and was on its way to fishing grounds in the northern Pacific.
There will be four regular director positions opening up as well as the Central, Mid-Atlantic, Northern Pacific, International I and II Regions.
Next, Norris, a snake lover since the sixth grade when he traded for his first one, pulled out the bag from under the reporter's chair to show the most dangerous of the biting pests of which Northern California hikers should be aware: the Northern Pacific rattlesnake.
Plum Creek Timber is therefore heir to some of the 47 million acres (19,000,000 ha) of timberland originally granted by the federal government to the Northern Pacific Railway in the 1860s.

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