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(pīo͞ot`), two distinct groups of Native North Americans speaking languages belonging to the Shoshonean group of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). The Northern Paiute ranged over central and E California, W Nevada, and E Oregon. The Southern Paiute occupied NW Arizona, SE California, S Nevada, and S Utah. The Northern Paiute were more warlike than their southern relatives; they fought the miners and the settlers during the 1860s, and a considerable part of them joined the Bannock in the war of 1878. The Southern Paiute are often called the Diggers because they subsisted on root digging. In general the Paiute of the Great Basin area subsisted by hunting, fishing, and digging for roots. They lived in small round huts (wickiups) that were covered with tule rushes. It was among the Paiute that the Ghost DanceGhost Dance,
central ritual of the messianic religion instituted in the late 19th cent. by a Paiute named Wovoka. The religion prophesied the peaceful end of the westward expansion of whites and a return of the land to the Native Americans.
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 religion, which was to be of much significance on the frontier in the 1890s, first appeared (c.1870). The Native American prophet WovokaWovoka
, c.1858–1932, Paiute, prophet of a messianic religion sometimes called the Ghost Dance religion. Also known as Jack Wilson, he was influenced by his father (a mystic) as well as by the Christian family for whom he worked and the Shaker religion.
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 was a Paiute. In 1990 there were over 11,000 Paiute in the United States, many of them living on tribal lands in Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon, and Utah. The name is also spelled Piute.


See J. H. Steward, Ethnography of the Owens Valley Paiute (1933); O. C. Stewart, Northern Paiute Bands (1939); M. M. Wheat, Survival Arts of the Primitive Paiutes (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
Northern Paiute is part of the northern branch of the Uto-Aztecan family, a group of related languages once spoken from the hardwood stands of North America to the rainforests of Central America.
Dirlik's study (1996) of Chinese immigrants in the American West is one exception, as is Michael Hittman's account of Corbett Mack, a Northern Paiute man who was addicted to opium in the early twentieth century.
Finally, I assess how her strategies in each space represent a search for shared rhetorical space--physical or cultural ground that provides the basis for identification with her audience--that would enable her to make a persuasive argument on behalf of herself and the Northern Paiutes.
In the final chapter, Mack describes his retirement years, his family, and the death of his wife, and recalls Northern Paiute tales that speak to his life experience and the cultural problems of his folk.
The Northern Paiute tribe that settled along the shoreline of Pyramid Lake has lived as one with the lake.
A granddaughter of Truckee and daughter of Winnemucca, both Northern Paiute chiefs, she was encouraged to learn about whites.
Compare, for example, John Wesley Powell's description of Northern Paiute courtship with Winnemucca's portrait in Life Among the Piutes.
Ghost fright" after Wounded Knee and his own sense of culpability made Wovoka and Northern Paiutes reticent.
Originally the Northern Paiute roamed over much of the Great Basin.
Language Adaptation, Status and Shift in a Northern Paiute Community" as part of the student-organized fall series, "Endangered Languages and Language Revitalization.
In the mid-1990s, a Squaw Butte near Burns in Southeastern Oregon was renamed Paiute Butte in recognition of the Northern Paiute Tribe based near there.
Gae Whitney Canfield's 1983 Sarah Winnemuca of the Northern Paiutes remains the best, scrupulously researched account that supplies much information Winnemucca chose to leave out of her own autobiography, such as the names and backgrounds o her husbands--at least three--and her youthful performances as Pocahontas with her family in Virginia City and San Francisco.

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