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(pĕn`īnz) or

Pennine Chain,

mountain range, sometimes called the "backbone of England," extending c.160 mi (260 km) from the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border to the Peak District in Derbyshire. The range consists of a series of upland blocks, separated by transverse valleys (Tees, Aire, Wensleydale, and Wharfdale). There are caverns, and several chasms are more than 300 ft (91 m) in depth. Cross Fell (2,930 ft/893 m) is the highest peak. The range is sparsely populated. Sheep raising, quarrying, and tourism are important economic activities. The Pennine Way is a 268-mi (429-km) hiking path along the range; it opened in 1965. Reservoirs in the Pennines store water for the cities of N England.
References in periodicals archive ?
Artist Laura > In Durham you can watch the film and become immersed in the sounds of the northern pennines, from the relative comfort of the Norman Chapel at Durham Castle.
For example, in the Northern Pennines, large-scale erosion of valley floors did not begin until 550-680 cal AD and coincided with a shift to colder, wetter climatic conditions preceded by vegetation disturbance (Macklin et al.
The pub has been lodged in the northern Pennines area since 1775, when it was used as an inn and a cow byre.
It is easily accessible to the unspoilt Northern Pennines (one of England's few remaining wilderness areas), the Roman Wall and Lake District.
They cycled into relentless head winds as they climbed over the Northern Pennines , the roof of England, tackling climbs at Hartside and Black Hill which took them 609 metres above sea level.
The local men tried to free her but then Stoney took her out of the back door and dragged her around the countryside for eight days across the Northern Pennines during the worst winter on record.
The Duke of York Inn occupies a prominent roadside position in the village of Fir Tree, which is known as the 'Gateway to Weardale and the northern Pennines.
The rolling moors south of Hadrian's Wall which blend into the Northern Pennines on either side of the South Tyne Valley through Allendale and Allenheads are an attractive site all year round, linked by the winding B6295.

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