Northern Territory


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Northern Territory,

territory (1991 pop. 132,780), 520,280 sq mi (1,347,525 sq km), N central Australia. It is bounded on the N by the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea, and the Gulf of Carpentaria. DarwinDarwin,
city (1991 pop. 67,946), capital of the Northern Territory, N Australia, on Port Darwin, an inlet of the Timor Sea. Remotely situated on the sparsely settled north coast, Darwin had no rail connection with any of the major Australian cities until 2003, when the line to
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 is the territorial capital. In the north are lowlands, in the W central region is the Tanami Desert, in the southeast are low plains sloping toward the Kati Thandi–Lake Eyre depression, and in the southwest are the MacDonnell Ranges. The main rivers are the Victoria, Daly, Adelaide, and Roper, all of which drain into the northern seas. The climate in the north is tropical, with a monsoon season; the south becomes colder and drier as the elevation rises.

About three fourths of the population live in the Darwin and Alice Springs metropolitan areas. Australian aboriginesAustralian aborigines,
indigenous peoples of Australia. The first modern humans in Australia probably came from somewhere in Asia more than 40,000 years ago, most likely sometime between 55,000 and 100,000 years ago. Genetic evidence also suggests that c.
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 make up about a fourth of the Northern Territory's population and own the land of 15 reservations with a total area of 94,000 sq mi (243,460 sq km); the Arnhem LandArnhem Land,
37,100 sq mi (96,089 sq km), N Northern Territory, Australia, on a wide peninsula W of the Gulf of Carpentaria. The great majority of the region belongs to the Arnhem Land Aboriginal Reserve, the largest aboriginal reservation in Australia.
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 preserve is the largest. Much of this land is important to the uranium mining and tourist industries.

The territory's economic development has been accelerating in recent years. Gold is worked to a small extent; uranium, bauxite, manganese, iron, lead, and zinc deposits are increasingly exploited. Stockbreeding, encouraged by government development projects, is the major rural activity. There is very little farming in the territory. Peanuts, pearl shell, and trepang are the principal exports.

Northern Territory's first settlement was established at Port Essington in 1824 in an attempt to forestall French colonization. The settlement failed, and permanent settlement did not resume until 1869. Northern Territory was part of New South Wales from 1825 to 1863 and of South Australia from 1863 to 1911. Transferred to direct rule by the commonwealth in 1911, it was divided into two territories in 1926 but was reunited in 1931.

In 1974 the commonwealth-appointed Legislative Council was replaced by a fully elected Legislative Assembly, and in 1978 full self-goverment was granted to the territory. In the 1990s statehood became a prominent political issue, but statehood was rejected in a 1998 referendum. Also politically important in recent years has been the issue of the treatment of and opportunities for the aboriginal population. Adam Giles, who became chief minister of the territory in 2013, was the first aborigine to head a state-level Australian government. The Northern Territory elects a member with full voting rights to the Australian House of Representatives.

Northern Territory

 

a territory in northern Australia, administered by the federal government. Area, 1.4 million sq km. Population, 97,000 (1973), approximately one-fourth of which consists of aborigines. The city of Darwin is the capital and principal seaport; it has an international airport.

Most of the Northern Territory consists of a tableland, composed chiefly of sandstone and limestone and with elevations of 200 to 300 m. The climate in the north is of the tropical monsoon type, and in the south, of the desert type. The territory is sparsely populated and largely undeveloped.

The Northern Territory’s economy is based on mining and stock raising. Manganese ore is mined on the island of Groote Eylandt (1.1 million tons in 1972), and the Northern Territory accounts for 92 percent of Australia’s total output. Copper is mined at Rum Jungle, and bauxites, on Gove Peninsula. Gold, copper and iron ores, tin, and silver are also mined. Cattle (1.2 million head in 1973) are the chief form of livestock raised; meat is produced (15,400 tons). Peanuts, sorghum, bananas, oranges, and vegetables are cultivated.

Northern Territory

an administrative division of N central Australia, on the Timor and Arafura Seas: includes Ashmore and Cartier Islands; the Arunta Desert lies in the east, the Macdonnell Ranges in the south, and Arnhem Land in the north (containing Australia's largest Aboriginal reservation). Capital: Darwin. Pop.: 198 700 (2003 est.). Area: 1 347 525 sq. km (520 280 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Quotes attributable to Northern Territory Chief Minister Michael Gunner It is absolutely critical for my government to have a constructive working relationship with the South Australian Government.
The Northern Territory Government continues to work collaboratively with the Chamber of Commerce and locally-based SMEs, not just in supporting these awards, but to build our international trade relationships including recent delegations to national and international trade shows and expos.
Minister Lawler said she was enthusiastic about meeting with her State and Federal counterparts and carrying out the Northern Territorys key role as the chairing jurisdiction in 2016.
The Commonwealth is committed to working more closely with the Northern Territory government, leaders and Aboriginal communities to better prioritise and coordinate a place based approach.
Northern Territory put up an improvised performance in the third quarter forcing a defensive error on India's part resulting in a penalty stroke to Northern Territory.
In February, Sydney-based Pangea Resources suspended its drilling operation in the Northern Territory, citing uncertainty over fracking legislation.
Potentially it's an economic opportunity for the Territory, but it's also an opportunity for the Northern Territory to show leadership on the national stage about where to store nuclear waste," Mr Giles said.
In 1889, they bought the Northern Territory Times and Gazette from Solomon and amalgamated the two newspapers under the latter's masthead.
A Northern Territory and Queensland focussed mineral explorer with a portfolio including: Uranium, Potash, Phosphate and Base Metals.
We've worked side by side with the department to enable better services through improved ICT capabilities and the Northern Territory Government has recognised and rewarded our unique approach in this new partnership.
The final chapter sketches some developments between the 1880s and the early 20th century that led to South Australia relinquishing its control of the Northern Territory to the Commonwealth of Australia in 1911.
At the start of the 2010 school year, the number of hours of bilingual teaching in Northern Territory Two-Way schools is set to decrease by more than half.

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