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province (2011 pop. 5,404,868), 48,554 sq mi (125,754 sq km), NE South Africa. In 1994, under South Africa's post-apartheid constitution, Limpopo was created from the northern portion of the former province of TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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. First known as Northern Transvaal, then Northern Province, it was given its present name in 2003. It is bounded by Zimbabwe (N), Mozambique (E), Mpumalanga, Gauteng, and North West provinces (S). and Botswana (W).

The province, which named after the LimpopoLimpopo
, river, c.1,100 mi (1,770 km) long, rising in Limpopo prov., South Africa. It flows in a great arc, first north (forming part of the South Africa–Botswana border), then east (forming the South Africa–Zimbabwe border), and finally southeast through Mozambique
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 River, is in the far northeast of the country. It is in an area of subtopical mixed grasslands and trees, commonly known as "bushveld." PolokwanePolokwane
, formerly Pietersburg
, city and local municipality (2011 pop. 625,811), capital of Limpopo prov., NE South Africa. It is primarily the commercial center for the surrounding agricultural area. Iron and other minerals are mined nearby.
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 is the capital and largest municipality.

Limpopo has abundant mineral resources, including platinum, gold, diamonds, copper, emeralds, and coal. Along with mining, agriculture and tourism are the other economic mainstays. Cattle ranching is important, as is forestry and the raising of fruits and vegetables, coffee, nuts, cotton, and tobacco. The northern portion of Kruger National ParkKruger National Park,
game reserve, c.8,000 sq mi (20,720 sq km), Limpopo and Mpumalanga, NE South Africa. One of the world's largest wildlife sanctuaries, it has almost every species of game found in southern Africa.
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 is in the province. The principal languages are Northern Sotho, Tsonga, and Venda.


(lĭmpō`pō), river, c.1,100 mi (1,770 km) long, rising in Limpopo prov., South Africa. It flows in a great arc, first north (forming part of the South Africa–Botswana border), then east (forming the South Africa–Zimbabwe border), and finally southeast through Mozambique to the Indian Ocean. The upper Limpopo is also known as the Krokodil, or Crocodile. The river's main tributary, the Olifants, enters the Limpopo c.130 mi (210 km) from its mouth; below this point the Limpopo is permanently navigable. The lower Limpopo waters a fertile and heavily populated region.



(also Crocodile, Krokodil), a river in southern Africa, flowing through the Republic of South Africa and Mozambique; in its middle course it forms the border separating the Republic of South Africa from Botswana and Rhodesia. Length, 1,600 km; basin area, 440,000 sq km.

The Limpopo River rises in the slopes of the Witwatersrand, skirts the north side of the veld, flows along the Mozambique lowlands, and empties into the Indian Ocean. Its principal left tributaries are the Notwani, Shashi, and Shangani rivers; the Olifants River is the major right tributary. The upper Limpopo, which crosses arid regions, has a low water level. The Limpopo is primarily fed by its left tributaries and the Olifants River. The water level of the lower course rises 5–7 m above the low-water level during the summer rainy season. The middle and lower courses of the river feed many irrigation systems. The Limpopo is navigable year-round for a distance of 160 km from its mouth.


1. a province of NE South Africa, comprising the N part of the former province of Transvaal: agriculture and service industries. Capital: Polokwane (formerly Pietersburg). Pop.: 5 511 962 (2004 est.). Area: 123 910 sq. km (47 842 sq. miles). Former name (1994--2002): Northern Province
2. a river in SE Africa, rising in E South Africa and flowing northeast, then southeast as the border between South Africa and Zimbabwe and through Mozambique to the Indian Ocean. Length: 1770 km (1100 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Report of the Malaria Assessment Team on the present situation in the Northern Transvaal and Natal.
And Hodge, who has played in five of Scotland's tour matches and captained the side to a fine 36- 10 win on Friday,said: "That performance was up there with our win over Northern Transvaal.
Subsequent chapters draw an arc through time and space across the expanding frontier of white settlement, from Cape Town in 1652 to the northern Transvaal in the 1890s.
Harvesting begins first in the Northern Transvaal with fruit starting to arrive on the UK market by early April.
1) South Africa was originally thought to have no pre-colonial architecture of note, apart from the complex and colourful settlements of the Ndebele tribe in Northern Transvaal.
The proportion of the population with access to safe water in the rural areas of South Africa ranges from 40 percent in the Northern Cape to 72 percent in the Northern Transvaal when there is no drought.
The Eersterling mine is located in the Pietersburg greenstone formation in the northern Transvaal on the site of the first gold discovery in Southern Africa.
ON THIS DAY IN SPORT 1948: Denis Compton hit 300 in 181 minutes for England's MCC tourists against Northern Transvaal to set a new record for the fastest triplecentury in first-class cricket.
He then entered private practice in Pietersburg, Northern Transvaal, fulfilling a great need as a dedicated and compassionate specialist physician who earned the love and respect of his patients and colleagues.
In 1994 Sully entertained Northern Transvaal side Pretoria Harlequins, was followed by teams from Australia and Italy, and in turn Sully have gone on end-of-season tours to Holland, Ireland, France, Belgium and Hungary.
The strangest ever barbi meal was held in Northern Transvaal in 1952 when a crocodile ate a springbok and was then BBQ'ed whole, the resulting meal was enough to feed 40 people.

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