Northern Wei


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Northern Wei

 

(also T’opa Wei, Yüan Wei), a dynasty that ruled in North China from 386 to 535. The Northern Wei dynasty was founded by T’opa Kuei, the leader of the T’opa tribes that conquered North China in the fourth century. The period of its rule saw the spread of Buddhism through North China. The T’opa became highly sinicized and for the most part lost their own customs and language. In 534–35, in the course of internecine feudal strife and an antifeudal peasant struggle, the state split into two kingdoms, those of the Eastern Wei (534–550) and the Western Wei (535–557).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(11) Earlier, as recorded in Wei shu [phrase omitted], the official history of the Northern Wei dynasty founded by the formerly nomadic group Tuoba [phrase omitted], a literati courtier Jiang Shi [phrase omitted] in a memorial to the throne in 514, while carefully inserting a positive spin on the phenomenon, bitterly complained that many newly coined popular characters, dismissed as "vulgar characters" (suzi [phrase omitted]) by Yan Zhitui, violated the orthography set by "ancient Confucian classics, (12) the great zhuan [phrase omitted] script of Shi Zhou [phrase omitted], the Shuowen [phrase omitted] dictionary by Xu Shen [phrase omitted], and the Stone Canon [phrase omitted]." (13)
Nowhere near the top of anyone's list would be a remarkable collection of Song dynasty ceramic vessels, Han and Tang earthenware figures and jars unglazed and glazed--and an enormous Northern Wei limestone spirit bed.
The remaining three chapters are case studies that illustrate the mechanism of Li's "sense of beauty." They deal with the issues of aesthetic and religious experience, Buddhist sculpture in the Northern Wei (386-534), horse paintings from the eighth to twentieth century as art or propaganda, and the unity of the personal and political in the philosophy of the poet Su Shi (1037-1101), respectively.
The technology can reveal otherwise illegible traces of protoscientific and alchemical processes--such as the uncanny internal construction and metallurgy of a standing Buddha Maitreya sculpture from a sixth-century CE Northern Wei altarpiece.
We invite readers to create their own versions of the images dating back to the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-557) and Tang Dynasty (618-907)," said Yu.
The topics include evaluating biological materials for the functional reconstruction of ligament defects in exercise-induced ligament injury, effects of wall roughness and flow velocity on a water hammer, architectural materials in the Lu Gardens of the Northern Wei Dynasty, information retrieval in the design and application of a database for breeding farmed tilapia, and assessing elevator risk with a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process and artificial neural network model.
(10) For over a century, north China was plunged into a period of chaos called the Sixteen Kingdoms (301-439), until a subgroup of Xianbei known as the Tuoba ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) succeeded in reunifying most of north China under a Chinese-style imperial dynasty called Northern Wei (386-534).
The catalogue also documents two collections of fragments of stone Buddha sculptures the artist amassed in 2003 titled "Hands" and "Feet" from the Northern Wei and Northern Qi Dynasty displayed on thick blocks of wood, poetic and understated.
The ancient Datong City Wall was built of clay by the Northern Wei Dynasty (AD 386-534).
Among these, the Northern Wei dynasty (386-534 AD) distinguished itself by promoting Buddhism as the official religion.
Film is set in the Northern Wei dynasty, during the fifth century, when Mongol hordes in the north--specifically the Rouran tribes--are eyeing the fertile plains of China as a place to settle full time.

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