Northumberland

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Northumberland

(nôrthŭm`bərlənd), county (1991 pop. 300,600), 2,019 sq mi (5,229 sq km), NE England; administratively, Northumberland is a unitary authority (since 2009). Northernmost of the English counties, it is separated from Scotland by the Cheviot Hills and the Tweed River, and borders on the North Sea. The terrain is level along the rugged coast line and hilly in the interior, where high moorlands alternate with fertile valleys. Other rivers are the Tyne, the Derwent, the Wansbeck, the Till, the Alno, and the Coquet. In the past the economy was dominated by coal mining, shipping, shipbuilding and repairing, and the production of heavy electrical machinery, but these have suffered a heavy decline. Sheep and cattle are raised.

Hadrian's WallHadrian's Wall,
ancient Roman wall, 73.5 mi (118.3 km) long, across the narrow part of the island of Great Britain from Wallsend on the Tyne River to Bowness at the head of Solway Firth. It was mainly built from c.A.D.
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 was built in Roman times. In the 6th cent. the Angles established themselves in the region, which later became the kingdom of NorthumbriaNorthumbria, kingdom of
, one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England. It was originally composed of two independent kingdoms divided by the Tees River, Bernicia (including modern E Scotland, Berwick, Roxburgh, E Northumberland, and Durham) and Deira (including the North and East
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. The area suffered severely during the border wars between England and Scotland. In 1974, Northumberland was reorganized as a nonmetropolitan county; the small but populous and industrialized southeast (including Newcastle upon TyneNewcastle upon Tyne,
city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 199,064), NE England, on the Tyne River. The city is an important shipping and trade center. The famous coal-shipping industry began in the 13th cent.; coal, however, was exceeded by wool exports until the 16th cent.
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) became part of the metropolitan county of Tyne and WearTyne and Wear,
former metropolitan county, NE England. Created in the 1974 local government reorganization, the county embraced the Newcastle upon Tyne conurbation and comprised five metropolitan districts (metropolitan boroughs): Newcastle upon Tyne, North Tyneside, South
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 (abolished as a unit of local government in 1986).

Northumberland

 

a county in the extreme northeastern part of England, along the North Sea coast, in the basins of the Tyne and Tweed rivers. Area, 5,200 sq km. Population, 794,900 (1971). In 1974 the southeastern part of Northumberland, including the county seat, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, was made part of the new county of Tyne and Wear. Northumberland is part of the northeast economic region of England. There is coal mining, lumbering, and animal husbandry (sheep and cattle). Vegetables are grown in the Cheviot Hills and the spurs of the Pennines.

Northumberland

1
1st Duke of, title of John Dudley. 1502--53, English statesman and soldier, who governed England (1549--53) during the minority of Edward VI. His attempt (1553) to gain the throne for his daughter-in-law, Lady Jane Grey, led to his execution

Northumberland

2
the northernmost county of England, on the North Sea: hilly in the north (the Cheviots) and west (the Pennines), with many Roman remains, notably Hadrian's Wall; shipbuilding, coal mining. Administrative centre: Morpeth. Pop.: 309 200 (2003 est.). Area: 5032 sq. km (1943 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Angel was established in 2001 and has laboratory and manufacturing facilities in Cramlington, Northumberland, England and Edinburgh, Scotland.
and DUDLEY, NORTHUMBERLAND, England, April 23 /PRNewswire/ -- ChiRex Inc.
ChiRex currently produces 54 products, of which 29 are core products, in its world-class, cGMP manufacturing facilities located in Dudley, Northumberland, England.
The business, based in Ellington, Morpeth, has just moved into a factory at the North Seaton Industrial Estate and proudly states on its website: "We are proud to manufacture our products in Northumberland, England.
ChiRex currently produces over 50 products in its two world-class, FDA cGMP manufacturing facilities in Dudley, Northumberland, England and in Annan, Scotland.
27, 1996--Kimberly-Clark Corporation today announced it has agreed to sell its tissue mill at Prudhoe, Northumberland, England, and certain consumer tissue businesses in the United Kingdom and Ireland to a unit of Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget SCA of Sweden.
ChiRex currently produces over 50 products in its world-class, FDA cGMP manufacturing facilities located in Dudley, Northumberland, England, and has entered into a definitive Asset Purchase Agreement to acquire a second manufacturing facility from Glaxo Wellcome plc located in Annan, Scotland.
ChiRex currently produces 24 core drug products for leading pharmaceutical companies at commercial scale and manages an extensive development portfolio of pharmaceutical products in its world-class cGMP manufacturing facilities located in Dudley, Northumberland, England.
A native of Northumberland, England, he began his banking career with the British Linen Bank.
Exterior scenes for "Haunts" are being filmed on location at historic castles in Great Britain, including the Tower of London (where Queen Anne Boleyn lost her head), Glamis Castle in Scotland and the ancient Alnwick Castle in Northumberland, England, where interior scenes will be shot as well.

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