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(nôr`wôk'). 1 City (1990 pop. 94,279), Los Angeles co., S Calif.; settled in the 1850s, inc. 1957. With the arrival (1875) of the Southern Pacific RR, it became a center for the dairy and logging industries, but Norwalk's main growth occurred with the rapid industrialization that followed World War II. Manufactures include metal and plastic products, computer equipment, and furniture. The city holds an annual Space, Science, and Technology Show.

2 City (1990 pop. 78,331), Fairfield co., SW Conn., at the mouth of the Norwalk River, on Long Island Sound; settled 1640, inc. 1913. An early oyster center, the city now manufactures apparel, electronic and electrical equipment, machinery, and chemicals. There is also aircraft research. Norwalk was burned by the British in the American Revolution. The city includes numerous small islands in the harbor and the village of Silvermine, an artists' colony.

3 City (1990 pop. 14,731), seat of Huron co., N Ohio; inc. 1881. It is a trade and processing center for a farm area, with factories that make furniture, rubber and metal products, and machinery. The city was settled (c.1817) by "Fire Sufferers" from Norwalk, Conn., whose homes had been burned by the British in the American Revolution.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in the state of Connecticut, in the northeastern USA; situated on the north shore of Long Island Sound. Population, 79,000; 120,000, including the metropolitan area (1970). There are 20,000 people employed in industry, including machine building (for example, automobile assembly) and the garment, knitted goods, footwear, paper, and tire industries. Norwalk was founded in 1650.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Norwalk agent can remain infective even if frozen for years or heated to 60 C for 30 minutes (80); however, cooking temperatures at boiling or above are probably adequate to inactivate Norwalk and most other enteric viral pathogens.
Studies have documented that the Norwalk agent can remain highly infective despite 30-minute exposure to concentrations of chlorine as high as 6.25 mg/L, and levels of 10 mg/L appear necessary to inactivate it (82).