Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.


any of the various North Germanic languages of Norway
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the language of the Norwegians and the official language of Norway. Norwegian is spoken in Norway, the USA, and Canada by about 5 million people (1970, estimate), including 3.9 million in Norway. Norwegian belongs to the Scandinavian group of Germanic languages. It has a large number of dialects. Special phonetic features include musical accent (simple and complex) and a relationship between length of vowel and consonant in a stressed syllable (syllabic equilibrium). The basic grammatical features are two cases for nouns (common and genitive), a suffixal definite article, weak and strong adjectives, and the absence of personal endings in the verb.

There are two forms of literary Norwegian: Riksmål (or Bok-mål) and Landsmål (Nynorsk, or Neo-Norwegian). The oldest linguistic remains are runic inscriptions of the tenth and 11th centuries, when Norwegian had begun to separate from proto-Scandinavian. The oldest manuscripts date to the second half of the 12th century. The writing system is based on the Latin alphabet.

Literary Danish became widespread in Norway in the late 14th century. A reaction against the domination of Danish began in the first half of the 19th century. In the mid-19th century a rivalry began between the two forms of literary Norwegian—Riksmål and Landsmål. The former arose in the 19th century on the basis of a Danish lexicon and grammar but Norwegian phonetics, and the latter was formed in the 19th century as a result of the artificial synthesis of Norwegian dialects. Riksmål is used far more widely than Landsmål.


Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. Istoriia skandinavskikh iazykov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.
Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. Grammatika norvezhskogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957.
Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. “Vozmozhno li planirovanie iazykovogo razvitiia? (norvezhskoe iazykovoe dvizhenie v tupike).” Voprosy iazykoz-naniia, 1968, no. 3.
Arakin, V. D. Norvezhsko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1963.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
With an average age of 3.8 years, Norwegian has one of the world's most environmentally friendly fleets.
Holidaymakers who book a Norwegian Holidays package and are members of the free to join Norwegian loyalty scheme, Norwegian Reward, will earn two percent CashPoints on all trips.
"Due to the uncertainty related to the Max grounding, the company sees an increased risk related to the target of a positive net profit in 2019," Norwegian said.
Norwegian's next new ship, the Norwegian Encore, will be delivered in October 2019 presenting many firsts-at-sea for the global market
For scholarship information and applications, visit the Norwegian National League website at, contact Tom Maxson (847) 297-1656 or email
During the late 19th century, tens of thousands of Norwegian sailors visited Cardiff aboard merchant ships bringing strong, straight timber from Scandinavia to be used as pit props in coal mines.
The Norwegian Pakistanis as well as Pakistanis based in other European countries expressed grave concerns over physical torturer of the women by employees of Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) at Islamabad Airport, said a press release issued on Thursday.
I am so sorry Kjartan is not here, Flor told the Norwegian ambassador during their meeting.
The Ambassador of Norway, Tore Nedrebo has said that there is a great potential for Pakistan-Norway trade and many Norwegian companies are looking forward to invest in Pakistan.
Six Norwegian graduates from the institute's first intake in 1995 returned to celebrate the event, and attended the presentation in LIPA's Paul McCartney Auditorium alongside around 50 current students from Norway.
Norwegian Gem's San Juan sailings will see her visit destinations such as Bridgetown, Barbados; Basseterre, St Kitts; Fort-de-France, Martinique; Philipsburg, St Maarten and St Thomas, US Virgin Islands.

Full browser ?