Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.



the nation (natsiia, nation in a historical sense) that forms the majority of Norway’s population (about 98 percent). About 3.9 million Norwegians live in Norway (1974, estimate), and a considerable number of people of Norwegian descent live in the USA and Canada. The mother tongue is Norwegian. Their religion is Lutheranism.

The Germanic-speaking ancestors of the Norwegians arrived in what is now Norway in approximately the second millennium B.C. Written remains—runic inscriptions—have been discovered from as early as the first few centuries of the Common Era. The Norwegian nationality was formed by the end of the first millennium A.D., by which time the people had begun calling themselves Norwegians. By that time the primitive communal system had largely disintegrated, the power of the aristocracy—the ko-nungrs and jarls—had increased, the armed forces of the aristocracy were devastating the maritime countries of Europe (the Viking raids), and the Norwegian early feudal state was developing (tenth and 11th centuries). In the ninth and tenth centuries, Norwegians settled the Orkney, Shetland, Hebrides, and Faeroe islands, Iceland, the western coast of Greenland, and several other areas. From 1380 to 1814, Norway was joined in a union with Denmark, and from 1814 to 1905 with Sweden. The consolidation of the Norwegian nation (natsiia) was promoted by the Norwegians’ struggle in the Middle Ages against the dominance of the Danes and the Hanseatic merchants and in the 19th century by the struggle for independence from Sweden and the development of capitalist relations.

At present, Norwegians living in cities are engaged mainly in industry, maritime transport, and trade, and those in the countryside in meat and dairy animal husbandry and crop farming. Fishing is of great economic importance, especially in the north of the country. The Norwegians have retained several elements of the traditional culture, such as a varied folklore, including historical, ritual, and fishermen’s songs and fairy tales. National dances—for example, the hailing and springar—are still popular in rural areas. Folk arts and crafts are widespread, such as embroidery, rug weaving, knitting, and the making of lace.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.
Ocherki obshchei etnografii: Zarubezhnaia Evropa. Moscow, 1966.
Anokhin, G. I. Obshchinnye traditsii norvezhskogo krest’ianstva. Moscow, 1971.
Blemsted, K. Norge: Folk og erhverv. Copenhagen, 1948.
Holmsen, A. Norges historie, 3rd ed. [vol. 1]. Oslo-Bergen, 1961.
Jensen, M. Norges historic 3rd ed. [vols. 2–4], [Oslo-Bergen] 1961–65.


References in periodicals archive ?
The study, carried out by Europay, also found that more than half of Norwegians prefer to use a credit card, compared to a third of the Swedes.
The Norwegians were able to draw on this through their close links with both sides.
MANCHESTER UNITED have got the Norwegian FA running scared over their pursuit of the country's hottest young stars.
The Norwegian Foot-ball authorities are convinced Egil Olsen is on his way to Wimbledon in time for next season - which is more bad news for Joe Kinnear.
This issue paints a false picture of Norwegian architecture, for with the exception of Niels Torp's Christianiaqvartal (p70), there is no urban work.
Eilert Sundt (1817-1875) was a prolific analyst of Norwegian society during the third quarter of the nineteenth century.
Leading up to the launch, Norwegian's Facebook page featured a six-day countdown that asked fans to post their favorite photos to illustrate how Norwegians dine, shop, party, etc.
This also enables the generally misanthropic Norwegians to avoid the discomfort of hospitality.
A WEEK-LONG celebration will mark the 10th anniversary of the reopening of the Norwegian Church in Cardiff Bay - now one of the city's major arts venues.
Many Norwegians struggled with isolation and loneliness, and some later returned home.
We are gratified by the Steering Committee's recognition of the many benefits the PPM can bring to the radio industry and the advantages it offers in keeping pace with active Norwegians who are tuning in the country's public and commercial radio broadcasts in many different ways," said Brad Bedford, vice president, International PPM Marketing, Arbitron.
He would get two more decent opportunities in the next five minutes, but it would take a very questionable decision from American referee Esfandiar Baharmast to give the Norwegians their second goal.

Full browser ?