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any of the various North Germanic languages of Norway



the language of the Norwegians and the official language of Norway. Norwegian is spoken in Norway, the USA, and Canada by about 5 million people (1970, estimate), including 3.9 million in Norway. Norwegian belongs to the Scandinavian group of Germanic languages. It has a large number of dialects. Special phonetic features include musical accent (simple and complex) and a relationship between length of vowel and consonant in a stressed syllable (syllabic equilibrium). The basic grammatical features are two cases for nouns (common and genitive), a suffixal definite article, weak and strong adjectives, and the absence of personal endings in the verb.

There are two forms of literary Norwegian: Riksmål (or Bok-mål) and Landsmål (Nynorsk, or Neo-Norwegian). The oldest linguistic remains are runic inscriptions of the tenth and 11th centuries, when Norwegian had begun to separate from proto-Scandinavian. The oldest manuscripts date to the second half of the 12th century. The writing system is based on the Latin alphabet.

Literary Danish became widespread in Norway in the late 14th century. A reaction against the domination of Danish began in the first half of the 19th century. In the mid-19th century a rivalry began between the two forms of literary Norwegian—Riksmål and Landsmål. The former arose in the 19th century on the basis of a Danish lexicon and grammar but Norwegian phonetics, and the latter was formed in the 19th century as a result of the artificial synthesis of Norwegian dialects. Riksmål is used far more widely than Landsmål.


Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. Istoriia skandinavskikh iazykov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1953.
Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. Grammatika norvezhskogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957.
Steblin-Kamenskii, M. I. “Vozmozhno li planirovanie iazykovogo razvitiia? (norvezhskoe iazykovoe dvizhenie v tupike).” Voprosy iazykoz-naniia, 1968, no. 3.
Arakin, V. D. Norvezhsko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Kelly was joined at the launch in the Norweigan Church by Felicity Dahl, Roald Dahl's widow.
Mads Gilbert (June 2, 1947) is a Norweigan doctor who struggled and insisted to enter Gaza during the recent Israeli Assault last July.
He promised to strip if Stale Solbakken was appointed Wolves manager - and had to perform the forfeit when the Norweigan got the job.
Written by Scottish author and poet John Burnside, it's a crime story seen through the eyes of a young Norweigan girl who comes to believe that creatures from Nordic folklore are responsible for a spate of mysterious deaths.
My father just passed away and I sang Norweigan Wood at his service, it was his favourite song and I believed he wrote it until I got into the Beatles and realised he'd incredible if someone who loved me wanted to sing a song but otherwise Revelations by Yoko Ono or something really, really happy.
Norweigan striker John Carew has brought yet more steel to Stoke's towering forward line
The midfielder escaped with no punishment from referee Mike Jones but replays showed he struck the Norweigan midfielder - and the FA are sure to review the footage.
Melbourne, Jan 5 (ANI): A Norweigan teenager dubbed the "Mozart of Chess" has become the youngest person ever to be ranked world number one in the game.
Travelers can book cruises through CruisesOnly on Azamara Cruises, Carnival Cruise Line, Celebrity Cruises, Costa Cruises, Crystal Cruises, Cunard, Disney Cruise Lines, Holland America Cruises, MSC Cruises, Norweigan Cruise Line, Oceana Cruises, Paul Gauguin Cruises, Princess Cruises, Regent Seven Seas Cruises, Royal Caribbean, Silverseas Cruises, The Yachts of Seaborn, Uniworld River Cruises, Viking River Cruises and Windstar Cruises.
How could a Norweigan referee, who's biggest game is Odd Grenland against Rosenborg, keep up with that frentic pace?
Other at-risk regions include Norweigan and UK offshore fields.
com is offering an amazing trip to Norweigan Lapland where you can learn to drive your own dog sled.

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