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The frightening and disturbing Graf Orlock (Max Schreck) in Nosferatu, Eine Symphonie des Grauens.


(pop culture)

Nosferatu is a modern word derived from Old Slavonic word, nesufur-atu, borrowed from the Greek nosophoros, a “plague carrier.” Vampires were associated in the popular mind with the spread of disease (such as tuberculosis whose cause was otherwise unknown) and by, extension with the idea of spreading the infection of vampirism through its bite. It is not a Romanian word, and it is not found in Romanian dictionaries. It was originally a technical term in the old Slavonic that filtered into common speech. It has erroneously been reported to mean “undead,” a concept developed by Bram Stoker for Dracula (1897), and elsewhere as a reference to the devil. It appears to have entered literature through the popular travelogue of Emily Gerard’s The Land Beyond the Forest (1885) in which she said, “More decidedly evil is the nosferatu, or vampire, in which every Romanian peasant believes as he does in heaven or hell.” From Gerard, Stoker picked up the term for Dracula. In his famous determinative speech on the vampire in chapter 18, Abraham Van Helsing said, “The nosferatu do not die like the bee when he stings once. He is only stronger; and being stronger, have yet more power to work evil.” The term, though used by Stoker, is not prominent.

The term first gained real prominence when it was used by Freidrich Wilhelm Murnau in his attempt to create a disguised version of Dracula for the screen. Murnau’s film, Nosferatu, Eine Symphonie des Grauens, made the term part of the popular language about vampires, especially after its rediscovery in the 1960s and the new release in 1972. Over the last several decades, it has commonly appeared in novels and films as a term synonymous with the vampire. In his two books about vampires, Leonard Wolf relied on Gerard, repeated her mistakes, and then contributed one of his own when he said in his The Annotated Dracula that nosferatu was a Romanian word meaning “not dead.”


Gerard, Emily. The Land Beyond the Forest. 1885. 2 vols. Edinburgh & London: Will Blackwood & Sons, 1888.
Senn, Harry A. Were-Wolf and Vampire in Romania. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982. 148 pp.
Stoker, Bram. The Annotated Dracula. Edited by Leonard Wolf. New York: Clarkson N. Porter, 1974. Rept. New York: Ballantine, 1976. 362 pp.
Wolf, Leonard. A Dream of Dracula: In Search of the Living Dead. Boston, MA: Little Brown, 1972. Rept. New York: Popular Library, 1977. 326 pp.
The Vampire Book, Second Edition © 2011 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Friend Arthur, if you had met that kiss which you know of before poor Lucy die, or again, last night when you open your arms to her, you would in time, when you had died, have become nosferatu, as they call it in Eastern europe, and would for all time make more of those Un-Deads that so have filled us with horror.
He considers Dracula in films and television series from Nosferatu from 1922 to The Strain (2014-2017), showing how anxieties around the declining British Empire in the 19th century parallel those of the troubled American Empire in the early 21st century and their constructions of otherness.
German Director F.W.Murnau's silent film "Nosferatu" will be screened during this event.
"NOS4A2" (think "Nosferatu" on a license plate) stars nerd icon Zachary Quinto ("Star Trek," "Heroes") as Charlie Manx, the vampiric villain of the 2013 novel upon which the new series is based.
Going to the castle where Nosferatu was filmed was an extra treat for Paul - more than the plate of haluscaronky, which, Paul and Lynette admit, is not for everyone.Subscribe to Spectacular Slovakia for free: class="article-published 22.
The bats even put in an appearance during the evening screening of the 1922 German vampire film Nosferatu as part of the Whitley Bay Film Festival last Friday.
The Quartet are back again on January 19 with Friedrich Murnau's iconic Nosferatu set to an original score composed by Baudime Jam.
Some of its most notable projects include Pixel Puzzles Ultimate, The Culling Of The Cows, Nosferatu: The Wrath of Malachi, and others.
THEATRE Medusa Following the success of Nosferatu at the Brindley Theatre, innovative storytellers and theatre-makers proper Job Theatre Company collaborate with award-winning writer Helen Mort to re-tell this classic myth from the point of view of Medusa, as the second part of the Monster Trilogy.
0844 338 5000 cinema Frankenstein (1910) and Nosferatu (1921) The historic Town Hall organ will send shivers down your spine during this Halloween silent movie double bill.
Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror was perhaps meant to be best enjoyed in the dark of a theatre, accompanied by an accomplished live ensemble tearing into a soaring symphony.