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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in France from the 14th to 18th centuries, members of a special form of assembly summoned by the king to consider financial and administrative questions. In contrast to the deputies of the Estates General, they were not elected by the estates but were chosen by the king from the most prominent representatives of the nobility, upper clergy, and urban elite.

Convened on an irregular basis, the assemblies were of a consultative character. They were a substitute for the assemblies of the Estates General, which were less submissive to royal authority. However, in 1787, just before the French Revolution, the Assembly of Notables rejected government reforms that infringed upon the tax privileges of the nobility and clergy.

The last Assembly of Notables was convened in 1788 for the purpose of considering the composition and voting procedures for the forthcoming meeting of the Estates General. It took a position hostile to the Third Estate, coming out against doubling the number of deputies from this estate and demanding that votes be cast separately by each estate rather than by individual deputies voting as members of the assembly as a whole. The procedure of voting by orders would have secured the domination of the Estates General by the nobility and clergy.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ulema, religious notables and people have also been urged to extend their all out cooperation for maintaining religious harmony and peace during Muharram-ul-Haram, he added.
ISLAMABAD -- In yet another bid to rejuvenate the MMA of yore, joint efforts by notable religious figures have started.
Consequently, according to Windler, this was no longer an Old Regime estate society, but rather a society of "notables" in which social mobility depended upon market relations.
At district headquarters four notables from civil society will be associated with DCO and DPO offices and two notables shall be similarly associated at Tehsil level with their nomination coming from Public Affairs and Grievances Wing.
One has to understand that McPhee's demon here is what he calls "diffusion or trickling-down theory"--the idea that the political choice of peasants was determined either by rural notables or by urban radical activists.
APML Central Information Secretary Aasia Ishaque said the joining of country's notables revealed the popularity of APML among the masses.
The notables from the prime minister's constituency said: "We are proud of him because he is the first prime minister from the Potohar region and he rose to this position on account of his hard work and commitment to the ideology of the PPP and its founding leaders."
All notables acknowledge the fact that Imran Khan is the only political leader who is coming to Waziristan to share our grief and pain.
President Asif Ali Zardari, Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah, provincial ministers and members of the Parliament, large number of the people including notables and chiefs of various tribes of Sindh were present at the time of last rituals of the veteran politician who passed away at the age of 81 in PIMS Islamabad Tuesday.
LARKANA -- The notables of different communities from three UCs including Banguldero, Wada Bosan and Lashari including Deedar Ali Mangi, Mubarak Ali Brohi, Sharbat Khan Bozdar, Muzafar Ali Bhatti, Ghulam Sarwar Solangi, Akbar Khan Brohi, Dr Gulzar Lashari and others met with the PTI leader Ameer Bux Bhutto and announced to join the PTI on Tuesday.
LARKANA -- The notables of Bhutto and Gopang communities met with the PTI leader Ameer Bux Bhutto in Mirpur Bhutto on Thursday.
The Prime Minister was talking to Abbas Zafar, MPA, Maher Zafar Haraj, former MPA, Barrister Taj Muhammad Langha, Bushra Naqvi, President PLF, Barrister Mudassar Shah and notables from Multan, who called on him at Prime Minister House here.