Notre-Dame de Paris

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Notre-Dame de Paris

(nô`trə-däm də pärē`) [Fr.,=Our Lady of Paris], cathedral church of Paris, a noble achievement of early Gothic architecture in France. It stands upon the Île de la Cité, a small island in the Seine. The cornerstone was laid in 1163 by Pope Alexander III. The high altar was consecrated 20 years later, and the nave was completed except for the roofing in 1196. However, in 1230 the nave was reconstructed and the present flying buttresses were added. Soon after, chapels were installed between the buttresses, which radically altered not only the plan but the entire aesthetic of the building. The towers were finished c.1245, but the building was not completed until the beginning of the 14th cent. Among the master builders are the names Jehan de Chelles, Pierre de Montreuil, Pierre de Chelles, and Jehan Rave.

The plan consists of a wide central nave rising 110 ft (34 m) high and flanked by double aisles, with a transept of slight projection from the main body. The aisles continue around the east end, which, with the projecting chapels, forms a chevet. Three sculptured portals are deeply recessed in the majestic west front. Above them a row of sculptures in niches extends across the facade, and over this, in the center, is the huge traceried rose window.

In the French Revolution rioters converted the cathedral into a "Temple of Reason" and destroyed the sculptures of the west facade. Skillful restorations taking 25 years were begun in 1845 by Eugène Viollet-le-DucViollet-le-Duc, Eugène Emmanuel
, 1814–79, French architect and writer. He was the most prominent exponent of the Gothic revival in France, and was internationally celebrated for his restoration work upon historic French buildings.
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 and Jean-Baptiste Lassus, and a new central spire was constructed. Fire in 2019 destroyed the roof and spire and damaged other parts of the cathedral.

References in periodicals archive ?
La historia de Notre Dame de Paris hace que la gravedad del incendio sobrepase las meras consecuencias materiales.
Tous les monuments ne sont pas Notre Dame de Paris pour susciter l'interet pour sa restauration passee ou actuelle et chaque monument constitue une partie de nous, de notre histoire.
In the meantime the composer devotes time to rock operas, the most famous of all are "Lacplesis" and "Parizes Dievmates katedrale" ("Notre Dame de Paris").
Thematically, Sotileza follows in the tradition of the "Beauty and the Beast," and especially shares affinities with Victor Hugo's Notre Dame de Paris (1831).
Some of the photos feature known landmarks near the Louvre, including Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral and the Arc de Triomphe.
An important French architectural building "Saint Mary Cathedral, Notre Dame de Paris" can be misunderstood as "Our Parisian Woman" by a student who is unfamiliar with French culture.
Of these, the most effective was Thierry Dreyfus' deceptively simple light installation inside the Notre Dame de Paris, which was remarkable for its ability to force a new reading of a familiar building.
ANSWERS: 1 Europe's leading prize-winning golfer; 2 Magnesium; 3 Desert Storm; 4 Notre Dame de Paris (The Hunchback of Notre Dame); 5 Africa; 6 Cain; 7 Twenty-eight; 8 Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew; 9 Carbon monoxide; 10 The UEFA Champions League final against Manchester United..
Quiz of the Day ANSWERS: 1 Europe's leading prize-winning golfer; 2 Magnesium; 3 Desert Storm; 4 Notre Dame de Paris (The Hunchback of Notre Dame); 5 Africa; 6 Cain; 7 Twenty-eight; 8 Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew; 9 Carbon monoxide; 10 The UEFA Champions League final against Manchester United..
Choreographed and directed by Wayne MacGregor, with stage design and costumes by Peter Macintosh the 4.5 million [euro] ($6.1 million) musical was produced by Victor Bosch, the impresario behind French hit "Notre Dame de Paris," and co-produced by EMI and Gallic pubcaster France Televisions.
For the competition, on June 10, Rachel has dance a number from the musical Notre Dame de Paris and also sing a song from it.
But last night Dannii, currently dating Frenchman Jeremy Garamond, said: "I did know him when I was starring in Notre Dame De Paris - and he hung around with a few people I knew but I have never gone out with him, not even on one date.