Nouakchott


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Nouakchott

(nwäkshôt`), city (1991 est. pop. 500,000), capital of MauritaniaMauritania
, officially Islamic Republic of Mauritania, republic (2005 est. pop. 3,087,000), 397,953 sq mi (1,030,700 sq km), NW Africa. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Western Sahara in the northwest and north, on Algeria in the northeast, on Mali in the east
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Nouakchott dist., W Mauritania, a port on the Atlantic Ocean. Located between the Atlantic and the Sahara in a basin that is at or below sea level, Nouakchott was a small village until 1957, when it was chosen as the capital of Mauritania, in part because of the aquifer there. A large-scale construction program began in 1958, when Mauritania became an autonomous republic with the French CommunityFrench Community,
established in 1958 by the constitution of the Fifth French Republic to replace the French Union. Its members consisted of the French Republic, which included metropolitan France (continental France, Corsica, Algeria and the Sahara), the overseas territories
..... Click the link for more information.
. Today Nouakchott is Mauritania's largest city and its administrative center. Its ocean port, which is c.4 mi (6.4 km) from the city proper, has modern storage facilities, especially for petroleum; a deepwater harbor was built in the 1980s. Handicrafts are made, and light industry is carried on in the city. Nouakchott is located on a major highway and has an international airport. The city's growth has depleted the aquifer on which it depends, and the city is now threatened by encroaching seawater; construction of a pipeline to the distant Senegal River has made additional water available. Some historians believe that nearby stood the ribat (monastery) from which the Muslim AlmoravidsAlmoravids
, Berber Muslim dynasty that ruled Morocco and Muslim Spain in the 11th and 12th cent. The Almoravids may have originated in what is now Mauritania. The real founder was Abd Allah ibn Yasin, who by military force converted a number of Saharan tribes to his own
..... Click the link for more information.
 set out on their conquests of Africa and Spain in the 11th cent.

Nouakchott

 

the capital of Mauritania and the country’s economic and cultural center, situated between 5 and 6 km from the Atlantic Ocean. It has a tropical desert climate, with temperatures averaging 21°C in January and 28°C in July. The annual precipitation is 150 mm.

Since Nov. 28, 1960, Nouakchott has been the capital of the independent Islamic Republic of Mauritania. Its population increased from 600 in 1960 to 130,000 in 1973. Nouakchott constitutes an independent administrative district ruled by a governor appointed by the president.

Nouakchott is a seaport connected by highway with Rosso and Akjoujt. It also has an airport. In 1974 preliminary work was under way to build a deepwater port capable of handling up to 400,000 tons of freight annually. The city has insufficient fresh water, and facilities to desalt seawater have been in operation since 1969. The principal industries are food processing, woodworking, and metallurgy. Construction of a steam power plant with a projected capacity of 24,000 kW began in 1974.

Nouakchott, the construction of which began in 1957, has a regular layout, with a rectangular network of streets. Most of the houses are two-story buildings, and, interspersed among them, are large administrative and public buildings combining modern European and traditional architectural styles (Presidential Palace, National Assembly, Palace of Justice). The city is also the site of the Direction des Mines et de l’Industrie, a research institute; the Central Public Library; the National Library; and a pedagogical institute, founded in 1974.

REFERENCE

“Nouakchott la capitale.” Europe-France Outremer. Paris, 1962, no. 384, February, pp. 31–32.

Nouakchott

the capital of Mauritania, near the Atlantic coast: replaced St Louis as capital in 1957; situated on important caravan routes. Pop.: 559 000 (2002 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In their 27th summit currently held in Nouakchott in Mauritania, the Arab leaders demanded the international community to shoulder its responsibilities towards the Syrian refugee crisis.
A two-lane flyover will be constructed at the junction of Nouakchott and Al Awir Roads to ensure free traffic movment.
A two-lane flyover will be constructed at the juncture of Nouakchott and Al Awir Roads to ensure a free traffic movement for the traffic inbound from Nouakchott Road and outbound to Al Awir Road westward (in the direction of Dubai).
Ahmed Ould Hindi, chairman of the Bar Council in Nouakchott, who has spoken to the prisoners, said those who had negotiated their release should have left the prison days ago.
Le film marocain "Sled" du realisateur Yassine Idrissi a remporte, lundi, le Grand prix de la 9eme edition du festival international de court metrage de Nouakchott qui s'est tenue a l'espace de la diversite culturelle et environnementale de la capitale mauritanienne, du 23 au 27 octobre courant.
He declined an invitation in 2012 and in January this year the government in Nouakchott refused to accept a new Moroccan consul.
In a statement on Thursday, Ould Sidi Mouloud, who has been staging for the past four months an open sit-in in front of the UNHCR headquarters in Nouakchott, drew attention to his sufferings and protests to settle his situation.
Faraj said that the agreement and memorandum were signed on the sidelines of Yemeni-Mauritanian talk session concluded today in the Mauritanian capital, Nouakchott.
In February 2011, Mauritanian security forces successfully prevented a car bombing in the capital city, Nouakchott, by intercepting and destroying a vehicle containing large quantities of explosives.
During the meeting held on April 16, 2013 in Nouakchott,Foreign Minister Othman Jerandi underlined the adequacy of the 5+5 dialogue as a forum of consultation particularly in the present regional juncture marked by deep political, social and economic transformation, the emergence of new challenges and the increase of security threats.
The same source said that the man who is aged above 30 years was taken to Nouakchott where he was questioned by investigators.
The President of Mauritania Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz was "slightly" wounded after being shot Saturday night near Nouakchott, said the government, explaining he was "shot by mistake by the army.