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Nouméa(no͞omāä`), town (1992 est. pop. 75,000), chief port and capital of the French overseas territory of New CaledoniaNew Caledonia,
Fr. Nouvelle Calédonie, officially Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies, internally self-governing dependency of France (2015 est. pop. 269,000), land area 7,241 sq mi (18,760 sq km), South Pacific, c.700 mi (1,130 km) E of Australia.
..... Click the link for more information. , on New Caledonia island, South Pacific. Local industry, dominated by the nearby Doniambo nickel smelter, include cementworks, foods and beverages, agricultural processing, and apparel production. It was the site of a U.S. airfield in World War II. Nouméa is the seat of the SPC (formerly the South Pacific Commission), an international body formed in 1947 to promote the economic and social welfare of Pacific island people. On the town's outskirts is the Tjibaou Cultural Center, designed by Renzo Piano. The town was a French penal colony from 1864 to 1897.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
the capital of New Caledonia, a French possession. Population, 57,800 (1971). Nouméa is a port on the Pacific Ocean. The chief industry is the smelting of nickel, and nickel, iron ore, and copra are exported through the port.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.