Novaya Zemlya


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Novaya Zemlya

(nô'vīə zĭmlyä`) [Rus.,=New Land], archipelago, c.35,000 sq mi (90,650 sq km), in the Arctic Ocean between the Barents and Kara seas, NW Russia. It consists of two main islands, Severny [Rus.,=Northern] and Yuzhny [Rus.,=Southern], separated by Matochkin Strait, and many smaller ones. The mountains, rising to c.3,500 ft (1,070 m), are a continuation of the Urals. In the north the archipelago is glaciated and covered by arctic desert; the southern part is tundra. Copper, lead, zinc, and asphaltite are found there. Fishing, sealing, and trapping are the chief occupations of the small population, which lives mainly along the western coast. The islands were used for thermonuclear testing by the Russians, who still maintain a nonnuclear weapons test site there. Explored by Novgorodians in the 11th or 12th cent., the islands were sighted by explorers searching for the Northeast PassageNortheast Passage,
water route along the northern coast of Europe and Asia, between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Beginning in the 15th cent., efforts were made to find a new all-water route to India and China.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in the 1500s. Since the mid-1800s Russians have built settlements and scientific stations there. Severny is now part of the Russian Arctic National Park.

Novaya Zemlya

an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean, off the NE coast of Russia: consists of two large islands and many islets. Area: about 81 279 sq. km (31 382 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
They identified one ship as the Serebryanka, a nuclear fuel carrier that they had tracked last year off Novaya Zemlya.
And as more humans come to Novaya Zemlya, the likelihood of human-bear conflict increases.
Mordvintsev, however, said this would not work on Novaya Zemlya, where winds would turn any fence into a giant snowdrift for bears to walk over.Belushya Guba is planning to install cameras and address its waste problem, he said.
The animals wreaking havoc on Novaya Zemlya ventured inland on the southern end of the archipelago, where the ice is rapidly thinning, Ilya Mordvintsev, a researcher at the Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, told TASS.
Novaya Zemlya head Zhigansha Musin said it was unusual for so many polar bears to show up near human settlements and the emergency will only be called off once the government was able to determine the area safe and secured.
by the Western entrances in the Novaya Zemlya straits and the meridian
| 1961: The Soviet Union detonated the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba over Novaya Zemlya. At 50 megatons of yield, it is still the largest explosive device ever detonated.
1, asterisk), which sampled the floor of the Kara Sea, near the north end of the Novaya Zemlya Trough (Russian Arctic).
MOSKOVA (CyHAN)- The Russian Defense Ministry is to base MiG-31 long-range interceptors at the Rogachyovo Arctic base on the island of Novaya Zemlya by the end of the year to defend against attack from the north, Izvestia reported on Tuesday quoting military sources.
A love story, a large ship and nasty icebergs are all key ingredients of "Nova Zembla," though Dutch producer-turned-director Reinout Oerlemans' second effort is no "Titanic." The Lowlands' first indigenous 3D pic transforms the sea voyage of late-16th-century explorer Willem Barentsz--whose attempt to find a northern passage to Asia ended in a prolonged stay on the islands of Novaya Zemlya in northwestern Russia when his vessel got stuck in the ice--into a cold and action-light blockbuster.