Novaya Zemlya


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Novaya Zemlya

(nô'vīə zĭmlyä`), archipelago, c.35,000 sq mi (90,650 sq km), in the Arctic Ocean between the Barents and Kara seas, NW Russia. It consists of two main islands (separated by Matochkin Strait) and many smaller ones. The mountains, rising to c.3,500 ft (1,070 m), are a continuation of the Urals. In the north the archipelago is glaciated and covered by arctic desert; the southern part is tundra. Copper, lead, zinc, and asphaltite are found there. Fishing, sealing, and trapping are the chief occupations of the small population, which lives mainly along the western coast. The islands were used for thermonuclear testing by the Russians, who still maintain a nonnuclear weapons test site there. Explored by Novgorodians in the 11th or 12th cent., the islands were sighted by explorers searching for the Northeast Passage in the 1500s. Since the mid-1800s Russians have built settlements and scientific stations there.

Novaya Zemlya

an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean, off the NE coast of Russia: consists of two large islands and many islets. Area: about 81 279 sq. km (31 382 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The most interesting of these samples were collected off the western coast of Novaya Zemlya, the site of much of the atmospheric and underground nuclear weapons testing previously conducted by the USSR.
The 46-member commission announced that, starting in 1965, the Soviets dumped 18 nuclear reactors -- seven loaded with nuclear fuel -- into shallow water in the Kara Sea, off the eastern coast of the Novaya Zemlya.
One sits at 300 meters in a depression off the Novaya Zemlya coast.
Research made by the companyt, the Arctic Research and Design Center for Shelf Developments and the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute in 2012-13, showed that the most active iceberg-producing region is the glaciers off the eastern coast of the Novaya Zemlya.
Simultaneously in May last year, near the coast of the Novaya Zemlya, they found a frozen-in iceberg with the tip of 70 x 70 x 12 meters and the bottom depth of up to 50 meters.
Scientists have seen similar types of clouds develop downwind of other mountains, including peaks on the Novaya Zemlya islands north of Russia.
Russia carried out a subcritical nuclear test Tuesday at a site on the Novaya Zemlya islands in the Arctic Ocean, Nuclear Energy Minister Yevgeny Adamov said Wednesday.
The liquids would be exported to the western markets by tankers from a terminal at Novaya Zemlya and to the far east by submarine tankers.
9 Eos, Matson reports thatclouds similar to those above Bennett Island have been seen on satellite imagery of the northern of two islands called Novaya Zemlya, which lie about 2,000 kilometers to the west of Bennett Island.
One reason is that the plumes over Novaya Zemlya reach much higher into the atmosphere, rising anywhere from 7.
Amand is fairly convinced that themethane hypothesis cannot explain the Novaya Zemlya plumes, because "the [plumes] are coming right off the island and the rocks [there] are not the sort that you'd expect to have methane in them.