Novaya Zemlya


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Novaya Zemlya

(nô'vīə zĭmlyä`), archipelago, c.35,000 sq mi (90,650 sq km), in the Arctic Ocean between the Barents and Kara seas, NW Russia. It consists of two main islands (separated by Matochkin Strait) and many smaller ones. The mountains, rising to c.3,500 ft (1,070 m), are a continuation of the Urals. In the north the archipelago is glaciated and covered by arctic desert; the southern part is tundra. Copper, lead, zinc, and asphaltite are found there. Fishing, sealing, and trapping are the chief occupations of the small population, which lives mainly along the western coast. The islands were used for thermonuclear testing by the Russians, who still maintain a nonnuclear weapons test site there. Explored by Novgorodians in the 11th or 12th cent., the islands were sighted by explorers searching for the Northeast Passage in the 1500s. Since the mid-1800s Russians have built settlements and scientific stations there.

Novaya Zemlya

an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean, off the NE coast of Russia: consists of two large islands and many islets. Area: about 81 279 sq. km (31 382 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Pakhtusov (1833-34)--that a branch of the Gulf Stream extended as far as the coast of Novaya Zemlya (Kohl, 1868).
By the end of August 1596, their ship had become icebound on the east coast of Novaya Zemlya.
They may also reflect fallout signals associated with lowyield nuclear weapons tests, such as those that occurred at the Nevada Test Site (Hicks and Barr, 1984) and on Novaya Zemlya (Forman et al.
According to Ludmila Egorova, the head of logistics service and chief psychologist at the Russian army base, Novaya Zemlya also has problems with bears.
James Lamont, aventurier ecossais, a mene des expeditions de chasse au Svalbard (en 1858 et en 1859) ainsi qu'au Svalbard et a Novaya Zemlya (de 1869 a 1871).
Novaya Zemlya was increasingly expensive to use, a relevant factor at a time when the Soviet economy was being exposed as on the brink of collapse, in part due to the crippling costs of the nuclear arms race (p.
01[degrees]E) in the Novaya Zemlya Trench, Kara Sea, Russian Arctic.
Russia today exploded her horror bomb - at the Arctic testing ground of Novaya Zemlya.
Gate, Novaya Zemlya, High Arctic Islands and Shelf, and Great Siberian Polynya
The largest man- made explosion was 60 megatonnes, created by a Soviet nuclear blast on the Arctic island of Novaya Zemlya in 1961.
Countries including Britain have had to offer Russia billions of dollars to decommission more than 160 nuclear submarines, but at least 12 nuclear reactors have been dumped, along with more than 5,000 containers of solid and liquid nuclear waste, on the northern coast and on the island of Novaya Zemlya.