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(Novell Inc., Provo, UT, A major vendor of workload management software that at one time was the leader in network operating systems (see NetWare). In 2011, Novell sold its patents to CPTN Holdings, a consortium organized by Microsoft, and the company became a wholly owned subsidiary of The Attachmate Group.

Novell was founded as Novell Data Systems in 1981 by Jack Davis and George Canova and initially manufactured terminals for IBM mainframes. In 1983, Ray Noorda became CEO and president of a restructured Novell, Inc., which would concentrate on the development of its NetWare operating system. In the early 1990s, NetWare became the most widely used server operating system for PC networks.

With the acquisition of AT&T's Unix in 1993 and WordPerfect and Quattro Pro in 1994, Novell extended its system software products and branched into applications. It planned to integrate UnixWare and NetWare into a "super" network operating system, but instead sold Unix to the Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) in 1995 and WordPerfect and Quattro Pro to Corel Corporation in 1996. From that point, it continued to concentrate on NetWare, its highly acclaimed NDS (Novell Directory Services), later renamed eDirectory, as well as related products for the Internet.

In 2003, Novell shifted its focus to open source software with the acquisition of Linux distributors, Ximian and SuSE. Both Ximian and SuSE offered Linux desktops, while SuSE provided Linux servers. Novell also announced the discontinuance of the NetWare brand by combining the NetWare 7 kernel and SuSE Linux Enterprise Server into a single integrated package named Open Enterprise Server. See SuSE Linux and eDirectory.
References in periodicals archive ?
Novell (Nasdaq:NOVL) and IBM have launched a joint promotion to encourage software developers to build their applications for Novell's SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server on IBM POWER platforms.
9 /PRNewswire/ -- Novell today announced the Novell(R) Small Business Suite 6.
SAN FRANCISCO -- Lenovo and Novell today announced the industry's first Linux-based ThinkPad mobile workstations, which will run Novell's recently released SUSE(R) Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 operating system.
Novell recently announced the availability of its next-generation Linux desktop for enterprise customers: Novell Linux Desktop 9, Powered by SUSE LINUX.
Novell Will Promote Partner Expertise in New Novell Focus Areas of
In addition to its traditional focus on the GroupWise integrated collaborative environment, GWAVA is adding Novell ZENworks topics to the GWAVACon conference program.
To help organizations achieve Java's promise of "Write Once, Run Anywhere" Sun Microsystems has announced the first set of "Java Verified" applications to have completed the Java AVK and obtained the Java Verified license--the Novell exteNd product suite is now "Java Verified" for portability across all J2EE application servers.
Enhancements to the leading wireless enterprise solution for Novell GroupWise provide greater management controls, integration with Novell GroupWise Messenger, and new rapid development tools
The settlement includes cash payment of $625,000 already received by Novell as well as a permanent injunction preventing Computer Add-Ons from dealing in Novell products without Novell's written consent.
Scalix Certified Interoperability with Novell's SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, eDirectory and Evolution Helps Resellers Provide Additional Novell Software and Services
Letter, a leading industry newsletter, describes the this week's announced merger of Novell and WordPerfect Corp.