Novitskii, Vasilii Fedorovich
Born Mar. 18 (30), 1869, in the city of Radom, now in Poland; died Jan. 15, 1929, in Moscow. Military figure and Soviet military historian; professor (1912). Honored Scientist (1928).
Novitskii graduated from the Mikhail Artillery School in 1889 and from the Academy of the General Staff in 1895. During the Russo-Japanese War (1904–05) he was a special assignments officer for the commander of the Second Manchurian Army. From 1911 to 1914 he participated in the publication of the Military Encyclopedia and was one of its editors. During World War I (1914–18) he commanded a rifle brigade and an infantry division, attaining the rank of lieutenant general in 1916. After the February Revolution of 1917 he became assistant war minister, commander of a corps, and commander of the Twelfth Army. In November 1917 he was appointed commander in chief of the armies of the Northern Front. In 1918 he joined the Red Army and served as deputy military director of the Higher Military Inspectorate of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army (RKKA). He became military director of the inspectorate in May 1919. From 1919 to 1929 he was a professor in the sub-department of the history of wars and the art of war at the Military Academy of the RKKA. Novitskii’s works on military history contain a great deal of factual material and still retain scholarly value.
WORKSVoennye ocherki Indii St. Petersburg, 1899.
Ot Shakhe k Mukdenu. St. Petersburg, 1912.
Mirovaia mina 1914–1918gg.: Kampaniia 1914 g. v Bel’gii i Frantsii, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1938.