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Related to Novocherkassk: Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute


(nô'vəchĭrkäsk`), city (1989 pop. 188,000), SE European Russia, on the Aksai River (the right tributary of the Don). It manufactures locomotives, machine tools, mining and building equipment, and chemicals. Founded in 1805, it remained the administrative center of the Don Cossacks until 1920. Novocherkassk was the site of the hetman's palace and has a Don Cossack historical museum.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city under oblast jurisdiction in Rostov Oblast, RSFSR. Located on the right banks of the Tuzlov and Aksai rivers (the latter is a branch of the lower Don), on the Kharkov-Rostov-on-Don highway. Railroad station 40 km northeast of Rostov-on-Don. Population, 178,000 (1974; 52,000 in 1897, 81,000 in 1939, and 123,000 in 1959). Novocherkassk has two city raions.

Novocherkassk was founded in 1805 as the administrative center of the Land (after 1870, Region) of the Don Cossack Host. In the 19th century the city developed as a cossack military and administrative capital. In connection with the laying of the Millerovo-Rostov-on-Don railroad through Novocherkassk (1864), a depot was built there. In 1905 a committee of the RSDLP was formed in Novocherkassk. During the Civil War of 1918–20, Novocherkassk was the center of the Don counterrevolution. It was finally liberated by the Red Army on Jan. 7, 1920. From July 24, 1942, to Feb. 13, 1943, it was occupied by fascist German troops.

Plants for the production of steam locomotives, machine tools, mine drilling equipment, and mining machinery were built in Novocherkassk in the 1930’s. In the 1950’s and 1960’s the city was transformed into a large industrial center of the southern European part of the USSR. A plant for production of electric locomotives was built to replace the steam-locomotive plant. Other construction included an electrode plant (production of chemical apparatus from graphite and lamellar graphite), a synthetic-products plant using natural gas as the raw material, and plants producing machinery for the petroleum industry, permanent magnets, and silicate brick. The food-processing industry is represented by a meat-packing plant, a winery, and a flour-milling combine. The Novocherkassk State Regional Electric Power Plant, with a capacity of 2.4 million kilowatts, is located in the area.

The city’s educational institutions include the Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute, an engineering and land-reclamation institute, the Don Agricultural Institute (located at Persianovka station), and 13 special educational institutions. There are research institutions of chemical hydrology, viticulture and wine-making, hydraulic engineering and land reclamation, and electric locomotive construction. Novocherkassk has an oblast museum of the history of the Don Cossacks, the memorial Home Museum of the artist and battle painter M. B. Grekov, a drama theater, and a people’s amateur opera and ballet theater.

Novocherkassk has a monument to Ermak (bronze and granite, unveiled in 1904; sculptor, V. A. Beklemishev; design by M. O. Mikeshin), who according to legend was a Don Cossack, and a triumphal arch (1817) to commemorate the Patriotic War of 1812 and the foreign campaigns of 1813–14.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Units from the Turkish Coast Guard took preventative measures by surrounding three sides of the Novocherkassk. Meanwhile it was observed that police units stood at the coast for security.
Corresponding Author: Polina Vladimirovna Aksenova, North-Caucasian Zonal Research Veterinary Institute, Rostovskoe shosse street, 346400, Novocherkassk, Russia
They are expected to be joined by the large landing ships Novocherkassk and Minsk and the missile cruiser Moskva.
Evgenii Gontmakher, Deputy Director of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, published an article 'Scenario: Novocherkassk 2009' in which he warned of social protests in Russia's mono-cities if factories shut down as a result of the crisis (Vedomosti, 6 November 2009).
At the age of 17 he was admitted to the Military Vocational School at Novocherkassk. Four years later he graduated as a Cossack noncommissioned officer and was assigned to the 12th Don Cossack Regiment as an armorer-artificer.
The Novocherkassk landing ship is the third such craft despatched since Friday to the Tartus port that Russia leases from its last Middle East ally, agencies cited an unnamed official in the general staff as saying.
The Novocherkassk landing ship joined the Azov and Nikolai Filchenkov amphibious vessels already en route for Syria since Friday and is expected to dock in Tartus in the first 10 days of the new year, Russian news agencies reported.
Damage of abdomen in case of multiple or combined trauma [Povrezhdeniya zhivota pri mnozhestvennoy i sochetannoy travme], in Russian, Rostov on Don Novocherkassk: UPS "Nabla"
Uniastrum's Rostov region representation comprises six outlets dispersed throughout Rostov-on-Don, Taganrog, and Novocherkassk.
The Novocherkassk landing ship is the third such craft despatched since Jan 4 to the Tartus port that Russia leases from its last Middle East ally, agencies cited an unnamed official in the general staff as saying.
OGK-6 starts building 9th energy unit at Novocherkassk GRES.
Moor, who was born Dmitri Stakhievich Orlov in Novocherkassk near Rostov in southern Russia, had contributed to Krokodil, Budilnik (Alarm Clock) and Red Army Soldier (from 1922) as well as Izvestia (from 1919) and Pravda (from 1920).