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town (1991 pop. 19,758), Isle of Wight, S England. It is also a port and the commercial center of the island, with agricultural markets and light industries (plastics, soft drinks, and woodworking). In the 17th cent., King Charles I was imprisoned in nearby Carisbrooke Castle. The town grammar school dates from the early 17th cent., and there are remains of a Roman villa.


1 City (1990 pop. 18,871), seat of Campbell co., N Ky., on the Ohio River opposite Cincinnati and on the east bank of the Licking River opposite Covington; laid out 1791, inc. as a city 1835. Its industries produce wood, food, paper, and steel products; building equipment; and oil and gas. Newport was a station on the Underground RailroadUnderground Railroad,
in U.S. history, loosely organized system for helping fugitive slaves escape to Canada or to areas of safety in free states. It was run by local groups of Northern abolitionists, both white and free blacks.
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, and Kentucky's only antislavery newspaper was edited there in the 1850s.

2 City (1990 pop. 28,227), seat of Newport co., SE Rhode Island, on Aquidneck (also called Rhode) Island; settled 1639, inc. 1784. A port of entry, the city's economy is tied to its many naval installations. Also important are the tourist industry, educational facilities, fishing, and the manufacture of electrical equipment. Newport hosts yacht races and was the site of the America's Cup races until the early 1980s. Tennis was popularized there; the National Tennis Hall of Fame is in the Newport casino. Jazz and folk festivals, as well as other music and dance fests are held there. The city is the seat of Salve Regina Univ., the U.S. Naval War College, and other naval training schools. Fort Adams State Park is nearby. Newport Bridge (1969) spans the east passage of Narragansett Bay, linking the city with Jamestown.

Founded in 1639, Newport was united (1640) with Portsmouth and then entered (1654) in a permanent federation with Providence and Warwick. Shipbuilding, dating from 1646, and foreign commerce brought pre-Revolutionary prosperity to Newport. In the American RevolutionAmerican Revolution,
1775–83, struggle by which the Thirteen Colonies on the Atlantic seaboard of North America won independence from Great Britain and became the United States. It is also called the American War of Independence.
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 the British occupied the town (1776–79); many buildings were destroyed, most of the citizens moved away, and Newport never regained its former economic prestige. It was replaced in importance by Providence, with which it was joint state capital until 1900.

In the 19th cent., Newport developed as a fashionable resort of the wealthy, and many palatial "cottages" were built. Outstanding tourist attractions from that era are The Breakers, the former summer house of Cornelius VanderbiltVanderbilt, Cornelius,
1794–1877, American railroad magnate, b. Staten Island, N.Y. As a boy he ferried freight and passengers from Staten Island to Manhattan, and he soon gained control of most of the ferry lines and other short lines in the vicinity of New York City.
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; Belcourt Castle; The Elms; Marble House; and Château-sur-Mer. Cliff Walk and Ocean Drive are known for their spectacular views of the ocean and the coastline.

Of historic interest are the Wanton-Lyman-Hazard House (c.1675; scene of a Stamp ActStamp Act,
1765, revenue law passed by the British Parliament during the ministry of George Grenville. The first direct tax to be levied on the American colonies, it required that all newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, commercial bills, advertisements, and other papers
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 riot in 1765); the Newport Tower (thought to date from the 17th cent.); Trinity Church (1726); Touro Synagogue (1763), oldest in the country and since 1946 a national historic site; the Redwood Library and Athenaeum (1747); and the brick market house or city hall (1762). Matthew PerryPerry, Matthew Calbraith,
1794–1858, American naval officer, b. South Kingstown, R.I.; brother of Oliver Hazard Perry. Appointed a midshipman in 1809, he first served under his brother on the Revenge and then was aide to Commodore John Rodgers on the
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 was born in Newport.


See E. Warburton, In Living Memory: A Chronicle of Newport, Rhode Island, 1888–1988 (1988).


Welsh Casnewydd, city and unitary authority (1991 pop. 129,900), 74 sq mi (191 sq km), SE Wales, on the Usk River. Lumber, tea, automobiles, electronics, semiconductors, and aircraft are made; steel and various other metals, paper, and chemicals are manufactured. Newport was first granted a charter in 1385. In 1839, Newport was the scene of Chartist riots (see ChartismChartism,
workingmen's political reform movement in Great Britain, 1838–48. It derived its name from the People's Charter, a document published in May, 1838, that called for voting by ballot, universal male suffrage, annual Parliaments, equal electoral districts, no
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). Long a county borough (a district from 1974 to 1996), Newport was made a city in 2002. The Church of St. Woollos, partly Norman, is the cathedral of the Monmouth diocese. Campuses of the Univ. of South Wales are there.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a maritime resort on the Isle of Wight, in the English Channel, off the south coast of England.

Newport has a moderately humid and warm climate. Winters are mild, with an average January temperature of 5°C, and summers are moderately cool, with an average July temperature of 16°C. Precipitation totals about 600 mm annually. Health treatments, which include helioaerotherapy and sea bathing, are provided for convalescents and patients suffering from various types of anemia, recurrent catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract, and other diseases. Visitors to Newport enjoy a pebble beach and sailing and rowing.



a resort on the Atlantic coast of the USA, in the state of Rhode Island.

Newport has a warm, maritime climate. Summers are hot and sunny, with an average temperature in July of 28°C, and winters are mild, with an average temperature in January of 0°C. Precipitation totals about 1,000 mm annually. Newport offers treatment for those suffering from functional disorders of the nervous system, recurrent catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract, obesity, and functional cardiovascular disorders. A popular vacation site, Newport has swimming pools, solariums, a comfortable beach, and private villas.



a borough in Great Britain, located in the county of Gwent, Wales. Population, 112,000 (1971). Newport is an important transportation center and port, situated on the Usk River near the river’s junction with the estuary of the Severn River. A major industrial city, it has ferrous metallurgy, machine building, metalworking, and a chemical industry. Newport exports metallurgical products and imports iron ore.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. a city and port in SE Wales, in Newport county borough on the River Usk: electronics. Pop.: 116 143 (2001)
2. a county borough in SE Wales, created from part of Gwent in 1996. Pop.: 139 300 (2003 est.). Area: 190 sq. km (73 sq. miles)
3. a port in SE Rhode Island: founded in 1639, it became one of the richest towns of colonial America; centre of a large number of US naval establishments. Pop.: 26 136 (2003 est.)
4. a town in S England, administrative centre of the Isle of Wight. Pop.: 22 957 (2001)
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