Novyi Oskol

Novyi Oskol

 

a city and the administrative center of Novyi Oskol Raion, Belgorod Oblast, RSFSR. It is situated on the left bank of the Oskol River, a tributary of the Severskii Donets, at the influx of the Belen’kaia River. It has a railroad station on the Kastornoe-Valuiki line, 254 km east of Belgorod. Population, 16,000 (1974).

Founded in 1637 as a fort on the abatis line of the Muscovite state, the town was named Tsarev-Alekseev in 1647 and received its present name in 1655. It was raided by Tatars a number of times between 1676 and 1680. In 1708 it was incorporated into Kiev Province, and in 1727 it became part of Belgorod Province. In 1779 it became a district capital in the Kursk Namestnichestvo (vicegerency), and from 1797 to 1924 it was a district capital in Kursk Province. The city’s many food-processing enterprises include a meat-packing plant, a flour mill, a creamery, a cannery, and a brewery. Novyi Oskol also produces construction materials, reinforced-concrete components, and furniture. The city has a sovkhoz technicum.

References in periodicals archive ?
Petersburg described freezing temperatures "in Siberia close to Novyi Oskol," where six people were found frozen to death in February, while wolves were raiding farms and killing cattle, chickens, and attacking dogs.
34) In 1811, Novyi Oskol was part of Kursk province, which is in European Russia.