Nuer

(redirected from Nua)
Also found in: Financial, Acronyms.

Nuer

(no͞o`ər, no͝or), a Nilotic people living around Lake No in South Sudan. Their economy and social life generally revolve around cattle, which are grazed on the plains during the dry season and in the hills during the wet season. During the dry season, the Nuer also fish, hunt, and gather wild plant foods. At their initiation, boys receive six horizontal cuts in the forehead and are given cattle; thereafter they belong to an age gradeage grade and age set,
differentiation of social role based on age, commonly found in small-scale societies of North America and East Africa.
..... Click the link for more information.
, with whom they will advance into various positions within the clan over the period of their lives. Descent is patrilineal, and when a man marries he receives more cattle from his father (see marriagemarriage,
socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family. In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group).
..... Click the link for more information.
 and kinshipkinship,
relationship by blood (consanguinity) or marriage (affinity) between persons; also, in anthropology and sociology, a system of rules, based on such relationships, governing descent, inheritance, marriage, extramarital sexual relations, and sometimes residence.
..... Click the link for more information.
). There is no centralized political authority, but rather a number of autonomous village communities. Spiritual leaders, known as leopard skin chiefs, are employed in the mediation of disputes. E. E. Evans-PritchardEvans-Pritchard, Edward Evan,
1902–73, English social anthropologist. He made several expeditions to Africa. His major contributions lie in the fields of social anthropology and comparative religion.
..... Click the link for more information.
's ethnography (1940) is the standard work on the Nuer.

Nuer

 

(self-designation, Tog Naat), a people living in the region of the lower course of the Sobat River and to the southwest of the river, in the southern part of Sudan, and also in the border regions of Ethiopia. Population, about 700,000 (1970, estimate). The Nuer language is Nilotic. Feudal-patriarchal relations and tribal-clan religious cults have survived among the Nuer. The basic social unit is the large patriarchal family. The Nuer engage in distant-pasture livestock raising (cattle) and hoe farming (millet, corn, garden crops, and tobacco); a small number of Nuer work in enterprises of the lumber industry and on state plantations.


Nuer

 

the language of the Nuer. It is spoken in southern Sudan and extreme western Ethiopia, where it is called Abbigar. Nuer is spoken by about 700,000 persons (1970, estimate). Nuer belongs to the Nilotic language group. There are two dialect groups, Nuer proper and Atwot. Phonetic features include pharyngealized vowels and a system of three tones.

Nuer is an inflected language. The means of expressing grammatical meanings include internal consonantal, vocalic, and tonal inflection of the stem, prefixation, and to a lesser degree, postfixation. There are two main cases, nominative and genitive. Accusative and locative meanings are sometimes expressed formally. The word order is verb-subject-object, with postpositive attributive. Possession is expressed by combination of the construct form of the possessed with the genitive of the possessor. Nuer is a written language and is used to a limited extent as a language of the school and administration.

REFERENCES

Crazzolara, J. P. Outlines of a Nuer Grammar. Vienna, 1933.
Kiggen, J. Nuer-English Dictionary. Mill Hill, 1948.
References in periodicals archive ?
The NUA wants to give a voice to every vote in parliament.
It's also important to look to the client's age to determine the value of the NUA strategy--if the assets would remain within the receiving IRA for a substantial period of time after transfer, they will theoretically have time to appreciate significantly in value.
Before joining Nua Group, Carine was the President of NASDAQ Private Market Equity Solutions, CEO of EASi (now Certent), founder and CEO of Global Shares, Partner at PwC, Director of Strategic Planning at Morgan Stanley, and Leader of Global Stock Plan Services at Towers Watson.
Cost basis of retirement plan stock: The lower the cost basis of the stock, the greater the tax benefit of the NUA election.
We hope he will see sense and ensure Snip Nua was his last dog and uses his popularity to let the public know what really happens at the dogs.
We also want the BBC to let the public know about Snip Nua and to stop promoting greyhound racing.
Of this amount, the cost basis of $125,000 is not taxed (it was taxed upon distribution), NUA of $475,000 is taxed as long-term capital gains, and the after-distribution gain of $250,000 is taxed as either short-term or long-term capital gains--depending upon the holding period (long-term in this example).
The next best scenario is taking advantage of the NUA rules as they exist today, and transferring the company stock to a taxable account.
But with urban students moving into the suburban districts, NUA is also seeking to address the issue of communications between students and teachers.
Potentially, the tax savings under the NUA approach can be substantial.
Under the NUA strategy, the individual is withdrawing the employer stock from the retirement plan, not rolling the shares over to an IRA.
The National Urban Alliance for Effective Education (NUA) and the Jerusalem-based International Center for the Enhancement of Learning Potential (ICELP) signed an agreement allowing NUA mentors to be trained in ICELP's research-based interventions, including the Learning Potential Assessment Device, a special assessment that gauges a student's reasoning and information processing skills rather than right-or-wrong answers.